Mumbai: Fifteen percent of India’s 65 million diabetics are under 40, and most of them also have high cholesterol levels that may lead to cardiac problems, according to a study released on Tuesday.
The study—conducted by researchers at the diabetes and metabolic clinics chain Lifespan Clinic India with 4,000 patients—shows an alarming rise in the early onset of type-2 diabetes in the country.
The study found the proportion of under-40 diabetics “appalling”, adding appropriate treatment regimes and prevention awareness needed to be developed.
“Diabetes has become a full-blown epidemic in India,” the study said.
The study points to possible issues like shortage of care facilities and difficulties in finding insulin, blood pressure tablets and other medicines which avert complications.
Worldwide, the rate of occurrence of type-2 diabetes is similar in both men and women, although slightly higher in men above 60 and women above 65.
Currently, 382 million people are living with diabetes in the world and a big chunk of them are from lower and middle-income groups.
Lifespan’s sample size analysis in India, however, concludes that 70% Indian male patients get appropriate diabetes treatment while only 30% Indian women get proper treatment.
According to International Diabetes Federation, (IDA) India has an estimated 65 million diabetic adults and this is set to rise to 109 million by 2035.
The Lifespan study also says about a third of India’s diabetics have one or more co-morbid conditions—multiple diseases or disorders that occur together with the primary condition. The problem of diabetes in India is further compounded with about 50% diabetics suffering from high blood pressure that leads to heart disease.