New Delhi: Almost two-thirds of the differently-abled population in the category of 5-19 years attends educational institutions, shows the latest released 2011 census data.
This is an improvement of about 11 percentage points in comparison to the last decade, from 50.5% in 2001 to 61.12% in 2011. In 2001, only half of the disabled population attended educational institutions in the same age group.
Maximum number of differently-abled persons in the category of ‘any other disability’ went to education institutions (71.2%), followed by ‘seeing’ (68.0%), ‘hearing’ (67.0%), ‘movement’ (59.6%), ‘speech’ (58.9%), ‘mental retardation’ (47.2%), ‘multiple disability’ (37.2%) and ‘mental illness’ (34.1%).
Though India is becoming differently-abled friendly, it still has a long way to go.
In comparison to 61.12% of the differently-abled population attending educational institutions, 71% of the country’s overall population in the same age group is doing so, over the same period.
Moreover, 12% of the differently-abled population in the age group of 5-19 years who were earlier attending educational institutions dropped out in 2011.
Maximum drop-outs were in the category of ‘movement’ at 18%, followed by ‘mental illness’ at 16%. Drop-outs in the ‘mental illness’ category are more in rural areas than in urban areas. In the rural areas, 16% of the people dropped out in 2011, while in urban areas, the drop-out was 14% for the same period.
In case of ‘movement’, the percentage of drop-outs in urban and rural areas is almost similar.
Around one-fourth of the population never attended any educational institution in 2011. This mainly included children with ‘mental disability’, ‘mental illness’ and ‘mental retardation’.