Washington:Countries like India, Brazil, China and South Africa are into research initiatives in nanotechnology that could pave the way for improved health and water in developing nations, a US report said.
Nanotechnology could give developing nations new ways to diagnose and treat disease and make clean water more available, if governments, non-governmental organizations, industry and others would work to apply the powerful technology to these challenges, scientists have been quoted in a report in The Washington File of the State Department.
“Nanotechnology has the potential to generate enormous health benefits for the more than 5 billion people living in the developing world,” said Peter Singer, senior scientist at the McLaughlin-Rotman Centre for Global Health and professor of medicine at the University of Toronto, in the report titled “Using Nanotechnology to Improve Health Care in Developing Countries”.
It is being pointed out that nanotechnologies are being developed in nearly every industry, including electronics, magnetics and optoelectronics, energy, information technology, materials development, transportation, pharmaceuticals and medicine.
The emerging field involves scientists from many disciplines, including physics, chemistry, engineering, material science and biology. More than 400 consumer products worldwide are derived from use of nanotechnology in some way.
“Countries like Brazil, India, China and South Africa have significant nanotechnology research initiatives that could be directed toward the particular needs of the poor,” Andrew Maynard, chief science adviser for the Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies, said in the report.