New Delhi: The number of unemployed people in the country was higher at around 1.06 crore in 2011-12 than about 95 lakh in 2009-10.
“The estimated unemployed persons on usual status basis during 2009-10 and 2011-12 was 0.95 crore and 1.06 crore, respectively,” labour minister Bandaru Dattatreya told the Rajya Sabha in a written reply.
This is as per the result of two most recent labour force survey on employment and unemployment conducted by the statistics and programme implementation ministry’s National Sample Survey Organization (NSSO), he added.
The minister, however, said that employment in the organized sector has also risen between 2011 and 2012.
“As per the information collected from state governments under the employment market information programme of the ministry of labour and employment, employment in the organized sector during 2011 and 2012 were 2.90 crore and 2.96 crore, respectively,” he added.
He said the labour bureau conducted quarterly quick employment surveys on the change in employment in India covering selected sectors of the economy encompassing labour-intensive and export-oriented units.
“According to the survey results, overall estimated employment in all selected sectors has experienced a net addition of 11.48 lakh jobs during the years 2014 and 2015,” Dattatreya added.
In a separate question on decline in job opportunities, the minister said employment generation is both a cause and consequence of economic growth and is impacted by demographic shifts and technological transformations.
Reliable estimates of employment and unemployment trends are obtained through labour force surveys conducted by the NSSO.
“According to the last three surveys, the workforce grew from 45.91 crore in 2004-05 to 46.55 crore persons in 2009-10, and to 47.41 crore persons in 2011-12,” he added.
In a separate query, Dattatreya said the labour bureau of the ministry conducted quarterly surveys in some labour-intensive and export-oriented sectors such as textiles including apparels, metals, gems and jewellery, automobiles, transport, leather, and handloom and power loom.
So far, 28 such surveys have been conducted by the labour bureau and reports released, the minister said.
According to the surveys’ results, the overall estimated employment in all selected sectors experienced a net addition of 38.81 lakh jobs starting from the first survey (October 2008 to December 2008) till the 28th survey (September 2015 to December 2015).
According to the survey results, employment generated during May to December 2014 was 4.57 lakh. The employment generated during January to December 2015 was 1.35 lakh, Dattaterya said.