Mawlana Jalal ad-Din Muhammad Rumi was a 13th-century Persian poet, jurist, and theologian. He was born in Balkh, which is now part of Afghanistan, and died in Konya, present-day Turkey.
After Rumi’s death, his followers founded the Mevlevi order, better known as the “Whirling Dervishes”, who believe in performing their worship in the form of a dance and music ceremony called the sema. Rumi believed in the use of music, poetry and dancing as a path to reach god.
The general theme of his thoughts, like that of the other mystic and Sufi poets of Persian literature, is essentially about the concept of Tawheed (unity) and union with the beloved (the primal root) from whom he has been separated and the longing and desire for reunity.
According to scholars, Rumi’s life and transformation is proof of the fact that all people, irrespective of religious beliefs, background and culture, can live together in peace and harmony. Rumi’s vision, words and life teach us how to attain that elusive inner peace and happiness we all seek.
Rumi’s major work is Masnavi-ye Manavi (spiritual couplets), a six-volume poem regarded by many Sufis as second in importance only to the Quran. The Essential Rumi , translated by Coleman Barks, is a compilation of poems of love and longing. (Source: Wikipedia)