A 48-team world cup, but who can host it?

North America is in pole position for football’s greatest spectacle, but Fifa’s rotation principle is up in the air


Germany won the 2014 Fifa World Cup which was hosted by Brazil. Photo: AFP.
Germany won the 2014 Fifa World Cup which was hosted by Brazil. Photo: AFP.

Fifa’s decision to expand the world cup to 48 teams starting with the 2026 tournament prompted one major question: Who can host the global showpiece in its revamped format?

North America is the favourite and in pole position, with other former candidates relegated to outsiders. Several harbour ambitions of organizing the 2026 World Cup but certain constraints limit numbers.

While the format for the finals faces an overhaul—16 groups of three before the last 32—the basic framework will remain similar, with a 32-day time frame and 12 venues, assured Fifa chief Gianni Infantino, the man behind the reform.

The main limitation will be the choice of host countries, with the winning bid to be revealed in May 2020, taking into account Fifa’s rotation principle—it said in October that the hosts of the 2026 edition would come from confederations different from those hosting the 2018 and 2022 events, effectively excluding Europe (Russia) and Asia (Qatar).

However, a European nation could still be selected “in the case that none of the received bids meet the technical and financial demands”, the Fifa Council added.

Chinese President Xi Jinping’s vision of transforming the country into one of the game’s superpowers includes the goal of hosting and one day winning the world cup, but it too will have to wait its turn.

In May 2015, senior Chinese officials spoke of lodging a bid for the 2026 and 2030 events, a person close to the development told AFP during the Asian Football Confederation congress in Bahrain.

With Asia and Europe sidelined, and South America eyeing a joint bid between neighbours Argentina and Uruguay in 2030 to commemorate the competition’s 100th anniversary, North America are firmly in the hunt.

With co-hosting a recent admission, and even encouraged by Infantino, a tandem or tri-nation bid (the US, Mexico and Canada) “is a possibility”, confirmed Victor Montagliani, chief of CONCACAF (Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football).

Also playing in their favour is the fact that the world cup hasn’t visited the North and Central America region since the US hosted the 1994 tournament, while the three countries in question already boast of the required infrastructure.

“To organize such a world cup is positive on the condition that there aren’t too many construction costs,” Jean-François Brocard, university lecturer and researcher at the Centre for Law and Economics of Sport, in Limoges, told AFP.

“We saw it with Euro 2016. The expenses incurred were more than offset by the revenues. When you increase the number of teams, that multiplies the costs, but the revenues as well.”

Mexican Football Federation supremo Decio de Maria reaffirmed their intention to bid for 2026 last year. Mexico have twice hosted memorable tournaments, first in 1970, when a magnificent Brazil side featuring Pelé and the late Carlos Alberto waltzed to the title, and then the 1986 World Cup, won by Diego Maradona’s Argentina.

The US fell short in their attempt to land the 2022 showpiece controversially awarded to Qatar, but have since made it known that they would be interested in staging the 2026 finals.

However, Donald Trump’s election as US president could make negotiating a joint bid trickier—he has angered Mexicans with his anti-immigrant rhetoric.

But other failed 2018 and 2022 contenders appear to be out of the running due to Fifa’s desire to rotate between continents—removing England, Portugal-Spain, Belgium-Netherlands, South Korea and Japan from the equation.

Whether the same applies to Australia is another point of contention. The Socceroos have established themselves as a force in Asia since they left Oceania in 2006 and on that basis would also be ineligible. But geographically speaking, Oceania is the only continent yet to welcome the world cup to its shores.

Morocco is also an option. Overlooked on four occasions (1994, 1998, 2006, 2010) it looks the lone feasible African candidate, with South Africa having played host to the 2010 World Cup.

In November, Infantino said Morocco had “all the resources to host a world cup”, but it still has issues with the number of suitable venues and the repercussions of backing out from hosting the 2015 Africa Cup of Nations over Ebola fears.

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