New York: US stocks fell in a broad late-day drop on Wednesday after a top Federal Reserve official said interest rates should not stay low for much longer, giving investors an excuse to take profits.
A speech by Kansas City Federal Reserve Bank president Thomas Hoenig drove afternoon selling after he said keeping interest rates too low for too long would encourage risky financial behavior.
Energy stocks led the declines, with the S&P energy indexfalling 1 percent, and Dow component Exxon Mobil sliding 0.8% to $67.34. Crude oil futures fell 1.1% to $85.88 a barrel after data showed domestic inventories rose last week.
The Federal Reserve’s near-zero interest-rate policy has underpinned a rally of almost 75% since the 9 March, 2009, low, and the removal of easy money is one of the market’s biggest fears. Hoenig, however, was the sole dissenter at the most recent Fed meeting, advocating higher rates.
“It looks like what the market is latching onto is Thomas Hoenig - the lone dissenter of the idea of not raising rates - had some very strong comments,” said Scott Marcouiller, senior equity market strategist at Wells Fargo Advisors in St. Louis.
“The real reason is it’s a short-term extended market that’s vulnerable to short-term pullbacks and this is what it’s using as the excuse.”
The Dow Jones industrial average fell 72.47 points, or 0.66%, to 10,897.52. The Standard & Poor’s 500 Index slipped 6.99 points, or 0.59%, to 1,182.45. The Nasdaq Composite Index lost 5.65 points, or 0.23%, to 2,431.16.
In contrast, Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke said the U.S. economy still faces significant headwinds, suggesting he was in no rush to raise interest rates.
The CBOE Volatility Index, Wall Street’s fear gauge, gained 2.4% after closing on Tuesday at a two-and-a-half-year low. Despite the gain, the VIX remains at low levels, suggesting a complacency among investors.
Data from the Investment Company Institute showed domestic equity funds had outflows of $64 million for the week ending March 31, the second consecutive week of outflows. Domestic equity funds have experienced outflows in six of the last eight months, suggesting investors remain cautious.
Airline stocks could be in play Thursday after the New York Times reported UAL Corp, parent of United Airlines, was in merger talks with US Airways Group Inc, citing people briefed on the matter.
Shares of UAL gained 5.5% to $20.00, while US Airways jumped 13.3% to $7.73 after the bell. The report lifted other airline stocks, including Delta Air Lines, up 2.1% at $14.46, and Continental Airlines, which rose 2.5% to $21.01 in late trading.
The KBW index of bank stocks slipped 0.4%, with JP Morgan Chase & Co down 1.1% at $45.32. Wells Fargo & Co shares slid 0.9% to $31.99.
Monsanto Co fell 2.1% to $68.09 after the agricultural seed company reported a quarterly profit below expectations and warned it will not meet its 2010 earnings goal.
Shares of Palm Inc saw the biggest volume on the Nasdaq, with 83.1 million shares changing hands. The stock spiked 20% to $4.62 on speculation the smartphone maker may be an acquisition target.
Stocks gained some ground in the early afternoon after strong demand at a $21 billion Treasury auction of 10-year notes, but the momentum was short-lived.
Markets still face a $13 billion 30-year bond sale Thursday, which may prove a bigger hurdle.
Worries about Greece’s debt load created a negative overhang early on after the government said the country’s banks had asked for billions of euros in support and euro-zone states argued over the conditions of potential bailout loans.
About 9.63 billion shares traded on the New York Stock Exchange, the American Stock Exchange and Nasdaq, in line with last year’s estimated daily average of 9.65 billion.
Declining stocks outnumbered advancing ones on the NYSE by a ratio of about 2 to 1, while on the Nasdaq, nearly five stocks fell for every four that rose.