Mumbai: India will invest 1.05 billion rupees to replant coffee in over 45,000 hectares by 2011/12 to increase productivity and meet rising domestic consumption, a senior official said on Wednesday.
“The replantation programme will help to increase the overall productivity levels to around 1,000 kg per hectare,” G.V. Krishna Rau, chairman of the Coffee Board, told Reuters in an interview. The productivity has come down to 765 kg per hectare in 2007/08 from 959 kg in 2000/01, he said.
Productivity had been affected to the outbreak of white stem borer disease from 2000/01 to 2004/05 and heavy rainfall during the last couple of years.
The Coffee Board is planning to replant 40,000 hectares in the traditional areas like Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu, and 5,100 hectares in non-traditional areas like Andhra Pradesh and Orissa.
The replantation is also likely to meet rising domestic consumption, which is expected to touch 160,000 tonnes by 2017, he said.
Coffee plant generally takes 4-5 years to be ready for bean production and has a life of 40-45 years, after which the yield starts reducing, making replantation necessary.