The government of Uttar Pradesh recently decided that those possessing up to 300 sq. m. of Nazul land since 1 December 1998 will be allowed to become legal owners of the land after buying it from the government on the prevailing circle rate. On the other hand, the Delhi government has decided to give Nazul land to educational institutions to set up more schools in the state.
What is Nazul land?
The term is used for land owned by the local development authority for development purposes, according to the masterplan of the city. The authority either acquires or gets the land from the government. Therefore, Nazul land is situated within the municipal limits of the authority. The authority can either lease it or auction it in the open market to any institution or individual with the government’s consent. The government can also auction the property for developing a residential colony or educational institution. Every city has a land allotment committee that undertakes the work of auction and leasing of Nazul land.
What can you do if you live on nazul land?
Living on a land denoted as Nazul land is illegal unless you get it on lease. Illegal colonies on vacant Nazul land are not uncommon. If you are already living on such land illegally, the authority can allow you to live on lease for a specified number of years, provided the land is not required for any other purpose. The authority can also auction it with prior sanction from the government.
However, in Uttar Pradesh, thanks to the new regulation, you can buy the land from the government at current market rates if you are living on it. The market rates are calculated on the basis of the prevalent circle rates. Not all states in the country have brought new regulations for sale to independent institutions and individuals. States such as Delhi, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Punjab can auction vacant Nazul land.
The payment for the lease or auction goes to the revenue department of the authority. Whenever there is need to expand the city municipal limits, the authority acquires the land falling outside its limits and declares it Nazul. In such cases, the state governments have to compensate the people living on that land. Each state has a different compensation structure for the same.
Renewal of lease
Usually Nazul land is given on lease for 15-99 years. In case your lease term is getting over, you can approach the authority to renew the lease by giving an application to the revenue department of the local development authority. In most cases, however, the authority itself issues a notification to the person/institutions informing about renewal of the lease. Here the authority may ask you to vacate the land if it needs for a different purpose. For instance, the state government may ask those living on Nazul land in Delhi to vacate it since it wants to build educational institutions. In case the government renews your lease, the rates will be as per the new rates announced by the revenue department.