Hong Kong: Asian shares edged lower ahead of US monthly employment data due on Friday that will provide another step in determining whether the recent signs of an improving global economy are real or just wishful thinking.
Also weighing on sentiment was a weak auction of 30-year US Treasury bonds on Thursday that raised worries about how much the world’s top economy will have to pay to attract investors such as China in order to finance its massive stimulus plans.
US stocks had fallen on Thursday ahead of formal results for stress tests for major US lenders. The outcome came after Wall Street’s close and provided no real surprises.
However, the removal of the uncertainty boosted US stock futures, while the dollar gained broadly.
“The market is already starting to search for new trading factors, basically looking to macro indictors for confirmation that the global economy is truly on a rising trend,” said Masayoshi Okamoto, head of dealing at Jujiya Securities in Japan.
The concerns over US lenders that for months had dented global stock markets have slowly dissipated over recent weeks following US regulator reassurances that the sector was holding up better than expected and hopeful signs on the global economy.
US regulators concluded that major US banks need to raise $74.6 billion to build capital cushions, a smaller amount than what investors had once feared.
Instead investors have focused on signs that the global economy may have already seen the worst of times, with a drop in new US jobless claims and better German manufacturing data on Thursday adding to that optimism.
The European Central Bank also joined other policy makers in cutting interest rates on Thursday, an action that had been widely expected, while adding it will buy up bonds for the first time, albeit in more limited fashion than other central banks.
The US April employment data due today at 6:00pm could be key in helping set a near-term course for global markets, with economists forecastting the pace of lay-offs has eased.
Economists polled by Reuters forecast 590,000 US jobs were lost, which would be down from March, but they also expect the unemployment rate to have gained to 8.9% from 8.5% in the previous month.
“Given the huge amount of cash standing on the sidelines, a positive surprise on the job report could extend the rally,” Calyon said in a report referring to stock markets.
The MSCI index of Asian stocks outside Japan fell 0.2% as of 9:50am, after the index had chalked up an 8.6% gain over the previous four sessions.
That gauge is still up about 50% since it reached its year low in early March.
Fund flows into Asia have seen an upswing. The EPFR Global-tracked Asia ex-Japan Equity Funds posted the biggest inflows among the four major emerging markets equity fund groups for the second week running, taking in $1.62 billion.
Equity funds geared to China, Taiwan and Greater China accounted for two thirds of this week’s flows into Asia ex-Japan Equity Funds.
But on Friday major Asian indexes gave some ground, although Japan’s Nikkei average managed to eke out a 0.2% gain, after earlier hitting a six-month high.
Other major indexes around the region, including Australia’s and Taiwan’s, posted modest losses.
Shares of China Zhongwang Holdings, Asia’s largest maker of aluminium extrusion products, fell about 2% in their Hong Kong trading debut after the company raised $1.3 billion in the world’s biggest IPO since August.
Corporate earnings reports were also a major focus for investors in the region. Shares in Toyota Motor Corp fell 3 percent after the Nikkei business daily reported the Japanese auto maker would likley forecast an operating loss of $7.1 billion this financial year.
More broadly, the improving mood in global markets will need confidence that governments worldwide have the ability to finance the trillions being spent in spending plans or alternative measures such as buying corporate or government debt.
In that regard, the weak demand for a new sale of US 30-year Treasury bonds was a concern.
The 30-year bond remained under pressure during Asia trading, with yields rising to 4.30%, up 1 basis point from late US trading. On the other hand, the benchmark 10-year note gained ground, with yields down about 2 basis points to 3.32%.
The dollar index, a gauge for the greenback’s performance against six major currencies, rose 0.1% to 83.980, recovering from a six-week low of 83.424 touched on Thursday.
The euro edged down 0.2 % to $1.3363 as traders reduced long positions made the previous day after the European Central Bank’s announcement it would buy about €60 billion worth of covered bank bonds was seen as underwhelming in light of much bigger similar measures taken in other countries.