Tokyo: Japan’s economic woes deepened on Monday as data showed it suffered a record drop in exports amid a global crisis while sentiment drastically weakened even among heads of major companies.
Japan reported a trade deficit of ¥223.4 billion ($2.5 billion) in November as exports fell at their fastest-ever rate, according to official figures released from the finance ministry.
The Japanese economy “stepped up the pace of its decline last month but is falling head over heels this month,” said Hiroshi Watanabe, economist at Daiwa Institute of Research.
“Japan has been hit by an unprecedented, sudden change in climate,” he said.
A survey published in the Nikkei economic daily Monday showed a rapid worsening in sentiment even among large companies.
The mid-December survey found 99.3% of chiefs at Japan’s 137 major corporations believe the domestic economy is deteriorating.
Among them, those who said the economy is worsening “rapidly” rose to 86.8% from just 10.8% in the previous survey conducted in early October, the daily said.
The trade deficit, which was much larger than the October deficit of ¥67.7 billion, reversed a surplus of ¥784.4 billion a year earlier, even though imports fell for the first time in 14 months.
Japan’s imports in November shrank 14.4% from a year earlier to ¥5.55 trillion on lower oil prices, while overall exports tumbled 26.7% to ¥5.33 trillion.
The fall in exports was the steepest decline in comparable data dating back to 1980, the ministry said.
It was also the first time Japan has incurred a trade deficit for two straight months since October-November 1980, when the nation was reeling from a second oil crisis.
Japan has enjoyed a large trade surplus since the 1980s thanks to brisk demand for its cars and other goods but the recent financial turmoil and a strong yen have hit exports hard.
November shipments of automobiles plunged 31.9% with microchips and other electronics components falling 29.0%.
US-bound exports fell 33.8%, also the fastest pace on record, to ¥993.9 billion while shipments to the European Union tumbled 30.8% to ¥711.2 billion.
Exports to the rest of Asia fell 26.7% to ¥2.58 trillion.
The Japanese economy was likely to pick up from late 2009 to early 2010 with exports recovering in tandem with the world economy, he said.
But the real effect of a strong yen on exports will come around that time, he said, noting that current trade is done at rates fixed in forward exchange contracts that were made when the yen was weaker.
The yen was trading at around 90 to the dollar on Monday, compared with above 110 yen a year earlier.