It has become fashionable for African leaders to argue that China’s embrace of the continent offers them a new development model that eschews the tenets of Western liberal market orthodoxy. The Chinese may seek to reassure their new partners that economic development is compatible with authoritarianism. Chinese loans, such as to Angola, may also help reluctant reformers escape IMF’s clutches. Yet China’s policy in Africa is not an alternative to neo-liberalism... In shoring up alliances with governments whose human rights records are less than savoury, China is doing nothing different in Africathat the west has not done before it. Most Western institutions are preaching the values of governance and democracy... in Africa’s own interests. The less China behaves like the West of old and the more Africa behaves like the China of today, the more likely this relationship is to benefit both sides.