New Delhi: Signs of economic development are becoming more visible even in rural India with the number of households owning cars, motorcycles and television sets increasing significantly in recent years.
The number of rural households possessing cars or jeeps has grown four times between 1993-94 and 2004-05, according to the 61st survey conducted by the National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO).
Similarly, the number of people owning motorcycles or scooters recorded a three-fold jump during the 11-year period.
In urban areas, households possessing cars or jeeps have gone up from 1.2% in 1993-94 to 4.6% in 2004-05. Similarly, motorcycle or scooter owners have increased from 11.6% to 26%.
The survey results reflect the country’s expanding economy, which has been growing over 8% in last three years and more than 5% in the last decade.
The survey also indicated that possession of durable goods, with the exception of radio, is on the increase in rural and urban areas.
The number of households possessing radio in urban areas has declined from 41.8% in 1993-94 to 33.6% in 2004-05. Similarly, the number of radios in rural areas went down marginally from 26.8% to 26.3% during the same period.
On the contrary, the number of households owning TV sets has increased from 40.5% to 66.1% registering a growth of 26 percentage points during the 11-year period. While in rural areas, the number has increased by over 19 percentage points from 7% in 1993-94 to 25.6% in 2004-05.
A substantial increase in the number of households having electric fans was witnessed between 1993-94 and 2004-05, the survey pointed out. In urban areas, the number increased from 56.6% to 81.1%, while in rural areas this went up from 15.9% to 38.4%.
Refrigerators too have made inroads into rural households, with about 4.4% households possessing fridge in 2004-05 as against 0.9% in 1993-94.
In urban areas, three out of every ten households owned a refrigerator in 2004-05, with the percentage of families increasing from 12.3% in 1993-94 to 31.9%.
Bicycles, however, are more common mode of personal transport in rural areas as compared to cities.
According to the NSSO survey, the number of households possessing bicycles in urban areas increased from 37.1% in 1993-94 to 41.7% in 2004-05. In comparison, this to increase from 32.7% to 47.1% during the same period in rural areas.
The number of households using air coolers has increased manifold in both urban and rural areas. It rose from 0.5% in 1993-94 to 2.9% in 2004-05 in rural households and to 18.2% from 6.4% in urban areas.
The Survey says the number of rural households using sewing machine rose from 5.6% to 9.5%. In urban areas, the number went up from 6.4% in 1993-94 to 18.2% in 2004-05.