New Delhi: Electricity tariff for household consumers in India is comparable with many developed nations but charges paid by industrial users are much higher in some cases, the Rajya Sabha was informed on 20 August.
Household consumers in China (Taipei) pay only Rs2.83 per unit of power against Rs1.14 to Rs5.16 a unit in India. Household users in US pay Rs3.94 a unit, Rs5.59 in France, Rs6.47 in UK and the highest Rs8.05 in Japan, Power Minister Sushilkumar Shinde said in a written reply.
While industrial users in India paid between Rs1.57 to Rs8.04 per unit, France charged Rs1.98, China (Taipei) Rs2.10, US Rs2.25, UK Rs4.11 and Japan Rs5.21 per unit.
Shinde said the average per capita consumption of power in the country was about 631 kilowatt hours as compared to 17,176 units per person in Canada, 13,338 in USA, 11,126 in Australia, 8,076 in Japan, 7,689 in France, 7,030 in Germany, 6,206 in UK, 5,642 in Russia and 5,644 kWh in Italy.
“The National Electricity Policy notified in February 2005 envisages that the per capita availability of electricity will be increased to over 1000 units by 2012,” he said.
Shinde said the energy requirement and availability in the country during Arpil-July 2007-08 was 240,834 million units and 221,865 million units respectively, resulting in energy deficit of 18,969 million units (7.9 per cent).
Among the states, Maharasthra, Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram faced peak shortage of more than 25% and Meghalaya faced peak as well as energy shortage of more than 25% during April-July, he said.
To meet the shortfall, capacity addition to the tune of 78,577 MW has been proposed. Besides, surplus power from captive power plants is also being tapped, he said.