Mumbai: The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on Tuesday came out with a credit default swap (CDS) guidelines that would allow corporate entities including insurers, foreign institutional investors (FIIs) and mutual funds (MFs) to hedge risk against default in corporate bonds to which they subscribe.
The guidelines, which were finalized by the RBI after receiving views from stakeholders, will come into effect from 24 October, it said in a notification.
CDS is a risk management product which helps entities guard against possibility of defaults in repayment of corporate bonds.
As per guidelines, foreign institutional investors (FIIs), banks, insurers, NBFCs, listed companies, housing finance companies, provident funds and primary dealers can buy credit protection under the scheme.
It further said that banks, primary dealers and NBFCs with sound financial and good track record will be allowed to act as market makers or facilitators (for buying and selling of such swaps).
The bonds for the purpose of CDS would include unlisted and unrated debt instruments, including those issued by the infrastructure companies engaged in sector like road, port and telecommunication, power among others.
“CDS ... would increase investors’ interest in corporate bonds and would be beneficial to the development of the corporate bond market in India,” the RBI said.
Elaborating on the guidelines, the RBI said that beside banks, the NBFCs and primary dealers with a net owned fund of Rs500 crore will be permitted to act as market makers.
The guidelines further said that entities will only be allowed to buy CDS contracts to hedge credit risk and not for speculation.
Earlier in February, the RBI had formed the draft guidelines for allowing corporates to hedge risk against CDS.
The central bank had in 2008 planned to introduce the CDS for corporate bonds, but postponed the move in view of the global financial crisis, which was caused by large scale trading in such debt instruments.