Men got 56% higher wages than women in rural areas in 2011-12: NSSO

Average daily earnings of a regular wage/salaried employee in the informal sector was about Rs189 for rural males, Rs121 for rural females


Among workers in the informal sector, about 86% in rural areas and 98% in urban areas were employed in the non-agriculture sector. Photo: Mint
Among workers in the informal sector, about 86% in rural areas and 98% in urban areas were employed in the non-agriculture sector. Photo: Mint

New Delhi: Men’s average daily earning was 56.2% higher than women’s in regular wage/salaried employee category in villages during 2011-12, a government survey has said.

“Average daily earnings of a regular wage/salaried employee in the informal sector was about Rs.189 for rural males, Rs.121 for rural females,” revealed the National Sample Survey’s “Informal Sector and Conditions of Employment in India” study conducted during July 2011-June 2012.

Men’s earning in the above category at Rs.258 was 32.9% higher than women’s in cities at Rs.194, as per the National Sample Survey Office study. Similarly, daily wage rate of a casual labourer in the informal sector was about Rs.163 for rural men and Rs.116 for rural women.

It was Rs.169 for men in cities and Rs.113 for women in villages. It said that the average daily earnings of a regular wage/salaried employee in the AGEGC and non-agriculture sectors was about Rs.401, Rs.225 for those employed in the informal sector and about Rs.127 for those employed in the employer’s households.

Workers in AGEGC sector are those in agriculture sector but not a part of activities like growing crops, plant propagation, combined production of crops and animals without a specialized production of crops or animals. The daily wage rate of a casual labourer in the AGEGC and non-agriculture sectors was about Rs.155.

It was about Rs.159 for those employed in informal sector and about Rs.116 for those employed in the employer’s households. It reveals that among workers in AGEGC and non-agriculture sectors, about 72% were employed in the informal sector.

The proportion was about 75% in villages and about 69% in cities. Among workers in the informal sector, about 86% in rural areas and 98% in urban areas were employed in the non-agriculture sector.

Manufacturing, construction, wholesale and retail trade, transportation and storage industries were the main providers of employment in the informal sector. In the informal sector, about 73% in rural areas and 75% in the urban areas were employed in these industries.

This report is based on the employment and unemployment survey conducted in the 68th round of NSS during July 2011 to June 2012. The survey was conducted in area spread over 12,737 first stage units (7,469 villages and 5,268 urban blocks) covering 1,01,724 households (59,700 in rural areas and 42,024 in urban areas) and enumerating 4,56,999 persons (2,80,763 in rural areas and 1,76,236 in urban areas).

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