New Delhi: India’s high dependence on fossil fuel makes it more vulnerable than others to adverse effects of climate change, which may result in low crop yields, rising sea level and loss in the country’s GDP, a UNIDO report said today.
Diverse geographical and population characteristics along with extremely high carbon-related energy dependence pose risks to India, the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation (South Asia) report said.
It warned excessive use of fossil fuels could lead to heavy environmental, social and regulatory costs causing a drain on the nation’s resources over the next century.
India will experience the greatest increase in energy and greenhouse gas emissions in the world if it maintains an eight per cent or more annual economic growth, as its primary energy demand would multiply at least three to four fold of the present level, the report quoting UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change said.
Further, climate change is expected to lead to unpredictable patterns of Monsoon as well as increase in the country’s temperature, much above the global average, it said.
According to Carbon Disclosure Project(CDP)calculations, cost of climate change could have a major impact on the Indian economy, causing a 9-13% loss in the country’s GDP by 2100.
There could also be a decline in crop yields in India and other south Asian countries up to 30% by 2080 and rise in sea levels, which could submerge coastal areas and infuse salt water into fresh water sources, the UN body warned.