India’s two most populous states, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, continue to be underserved with little access to safe drinking water. In 2001, while less than one in three households in Uttar Pradesh had access to safe drinking water, it was only one in 25 in Bihar. A decade later, the situation has hardly improved. This is significant because lack of drinking water is a major health hazard.
According to a recent World Bank report, 21% of the communicable diseases in India are caused due to unsafe drinking water with diarrhea alone causing 1,600 deaths daily.