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India world leader in enforcing CMD: Plan Panel

India world leader in enforcing CMD: Plan Panel
PTI
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First Published: Thu, Dec 20 2007. 04 13 PM IST
Updated: Thu, Dec 20 2007. 04 13 PM IST
New Delhi: India has emerged the global leader, ahead of China, in implementing clean development mechanism (CMD), which aims at reducing environment pollution.
“Till October 2007, 294 out of a total of 852 projects registered with CDM Executive Board where from India, so far the richest by any country,” the 11th Five-Year Plan document approved by the National Development Council (NDC) yesterday said.
CDM is a flexible arrangement under the Kyoto protocol to help industrialized countries meet their emission reduction obligations by encouraging adoption of sustainable and environment friendly technologies in developing countries.
However, as far as Carbon Emission Reduction (CERs) is concerned India is ranked second after China, said the document.
While India has 27.92 million CERs, China remained ahead with 75.75 million from 120 projects.
Under the provisions of the Kyoto protocol, India as a non-annex I party is not obliged to reduce emissions of the Green House Gases.
The report also noted that climate change needs to be accounted as one of the potential risk factors affecting the outcome of any development process in the long run.
The document further said under the Asia-Pacific partnership on Clean Development and Climate, India has also been working with the US, Australia, China, Japan and South Korea on possible development and promotion of clean technology dealing with climate change.
Stating that climate change will have adverse impact on areas like water resources, forests, coastal areas, health and agriculture, the document said coordinated effort through the relevant scientific institutions in government sector will be required (to deal with the problem).
For specific thematic areas, nodal institutions can be identified and designated.
The 11th plan document also suggested that a National Centre for Excellence on Climate Change should be established to tackle the issues concerning climate change.
Pointing out that temperature and water regimes are changing, it said, improvement of productivity potential and water use efficiency of agricultural crops, specifically areas of water shortage and extreme temperature variations will be priority areas of research.
According to the 11th Plan proposals, the Ministry of Environment and Forest will receive Rs10,000 crore as Gross Budgetary Support (GBS) during 2007-12 to deal with issues concerning environment protections and climate change.
It added that work on the potential impact, forecasting systems and adaptations in response to climate change would be the key concerns for future development.
Stating that climate change will have adverse impact on areas like water resources, forests, coastal areas, health and agriculture, the document said coordinated effort through the relevant scientific institutions in government sector will be required (to deal with the problem).
For specific thematic areas, nodal institutions can be identified and designated.
The 11th plan document also suggested that a National Centre for Excellence on Climate Change should be established to tackle the issues concerning climate change.
Pointing out that temperature and water regimes are changing, it said, improvement of productivity potential and water use efficiency of agricultural crops, specifically areas of water shortage and extreme temperature variations will be priority areas of research.
According to the 11th Plan proposals, the Ministry of Environment and Forest will receive Rs10,000 crore as Gross Budgetary Support (GBS) during 2007-12 to deal with issues concerning environment protections and climate change.
It added that work on the potential impact, forecasting systems and adaptations in response to climate change would be the key concerns for future development.
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First Published: Thu, Dec 20 2007. 04 13 PM IST