Tokyo: The average global land surface temperature this year will be the highest since records began in 1880, partly due to greenhouse gas emissions, informed Japan’s weather agency on 13 December.
The report says that the fluctuations in the natural climate contributed to the temperature rise. The report coincides with the ongoing talks in Bali on climate change to discuss a new climate treaty to succeed the Kyoto Protocol after 2012.
The average land surface temperature from January to November this year was higher than in the past in all regions except for southern South America, the report said. It said the ocean surface temperature was higher in most areas except for the eastern Pacific Ocean near the equator.
The global average land surface temperature in 2007 was forecast to reach 0.67 degrees celsius above the mean average temperature of the 30-year period from 1971 to 2000.
In 2005 and 2006, the global average land surface temperature was 0.58 degrees celsius above the mean from 1971 to 2000.
Scientists say global average temperatures will rise by between 1.8 degrees to 4.0 degrees celsius due to carbon emissions, likely increasing risks of melted ice caps, floods and famines.