New Delhi: India generated 5.55% more power than a year ago in the last fiscal when the country added a record 15,795 megawatt of capacity to help bridge a shortfall in the world’s second-fastest growing major economy, government data showed.
India’s peak power deficit, the shortfall between supply and demand in peak hours, in last fiscal year to end March narrowed to 10.3% from 12.7% of the year ago, data from the Central Electricity Authority’s website showed.
During 2010/11 (April-March), India generated 811.10 billion kilowatt hours (kwh) of power compared with 768.43 billion kwh a year ago. It added about 9% to capacity but this was a gradual process over the year.
In March, India’s power output rose an annual 7.56% to 75.50 billion kwh, the data showed.
Thermal electricity, which accounts for about two-thirds of India’s power generation and includes using coal, liquid fuel and gas, grew an annual 3.81% in the last fiscal and 5.14% in March.
Coal based generation during the year increased by 4.16% from a year ago, constrained by low imports and poor quality of the fuel. At the end of March, 13 power stations had stocks of less than four days.
India has the world’s fourth largest coal reserves after the United States, Russia and China, but its imported coal requirements have risen due to declining local output.
Coal-fired plants accounted for over half of India’s 173.63 gigawatt installed capacity at end-March.
According to the report, Indian utilities imported 21.825 million tonnes of coal versus estimates by the government of 35 million tonnes.