New Delhi: Over 23,000 children are likely to be infected with HIV every year with the transmission route being through their mothers during pregnancy, child birth and/or breast feeding, accounting for 3.45% of the total HIV cases in the country.
The government has planned several steps to drastically reduce this transmission by 2011.
The report, Children and AIDS: Programme Update India, said the target is that by 2011 the government will ensure that 80% of the estimated annual HIV positive women in the country receive prophylactic anti-retroviral therapy.
“With an effective Prevention of Parent to Child Transmission of HIV (PPTCT) programme, this can be decreased to almost 0% rate of transmission of the virus, thus preventing new infections in children through this route,” said the report compiled by National AIDS Control Organization and Ministry of Women and Child Development.
Under the National AIDS Control Programme-3, the government plans to cover 7,500,600 pregnant women with counselling and testing services and 75,000 HIV positive women with ARV Prophylaxis services in the next five years.
But the major problem which the government faces to meet this target is the lack of access and utilization of Maternal and Child Health Services and weak outreach system in providing HIV prevention and treatment services to eligible HIV positive pregnant women.
Quoting the National Family Health Survey-3, it said the percentage of institutional delivery ranges from as low as 12% (Nagaland) to as high as 90% (Tamil Nadu).