Bangkok: Attackers set off explosions at anti-government protest sites Sunday, wounding 51 people and raising fears of widening confrontations in Thailand’s worst political crisis that has strangled its economy and shut down its main airports.
The first blast occurred inside Prime Minister Somchai Wongsawat’s office compound, which protesters seized in August and have held ever since. Suriyasai Katasiya, a spokesman for the protest group, said a grenade landed on the roof of a tent where protesters were resting, rolled down to the ground and exploded.
At least 49 people were injured, said Surachet Sathitniramai at the Narenthorn Medical Center. He said nine were hospitalized, including four in serious condition.
Twenty-minutes after that attack, two more blasts rocked an anti-government television station but there were no injuries, Suriyasai said. In another pre-dawn strike, an explosive device detonated on the road near the main entrance to Bangkok’s Don Muang domestic airport. Surachet and an Associated Press television cameraman said two people were wounded.
No one claimed responsibility for the blasts but Suriyasai blamed the government. Tensions were rising as a pro-government group prepared to hold a rally in the heart of Bangkok later Sunday to express its support for Somchai, who is operating out of the northern city of Chiang Mai.
Government spokesman Nattawut Sai-Kua denied rumors that Somchai had left the country, saying he was definitely in Chiang Mai and had no plans to go abroad in the near future.
The prime minister has been reluctant to use force to evict the demonstrators from the People’s Alliance for Democracy, who on Tuesday night overran Suvarnabhumi airport, the country’s main international gateway.
The alliance seized Bangkok’s domestic airport a day later, severing the capital from all commercial air traffic and virtually paralyzing the government.
Negotiations on with protesters
National police deputy chief Lt. Gen. Pongpat Pongjaroen said police have begun negotiations with the protesters to end the standoff, but alliance leader Chamlong Srimuang denied it.
The alliance says it will not give up until Somchai resigns, accusing him of being a puppet of ousted Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra, the alliance’s original target. Thaksin, who is Somchai’s brother-in-law, was deposed in a 2006 military coup and has fled the country to escape corruption charges.
Somchai has appeared at a loss on how to end the crisis but still refuses to step down. The police have their hands tied because of Somchai’s reluctance to use force and the military has refused to get involved, creating the worst political deadlock in the country’s history and taking a severe toll on its economy and reputation.
Hundreds of flights have been canceled, stranding up to 100,000 travelers, devastating the country’s tourism-dependent economy and disrupting schedules and budgets of airlines around the world.
Suvarnabhumi airport director Serirat Prasutanont said officials are trying to negotiate with protesters to let various airlines retrieve 88 planes that have remained parked since Tuesday.
Some airlines were using an airport at the U-Tapao naval base, about 90 miles (140 kilometers) southeast of Bangkok. But authorities there were overwhelmed with hundreds of screaming and shoving passengers cramming into the small facility, trying to get their bags scanned through a single X-ray machine.
All rescue flights to Moscow, Beijing, Kuala Lumpur, Phuket, Singapore were delayed, some by several hours. The parking lot was jammed with buses, taxis and vans. The Red Cross set up a tent in the parking area where women handed out sandwiches.
Tourism to be hit hard
Deputy Prime Minister Olarn Chaipravat, who oversees economic affairs, said foreign tourist arrivals next year were expected to fall by half to about 6 million, resulting in 1 million job losses in the crucial tourism industry.
The Federation of Thai Industries has estimated the takeover of the airports is costing the country $57 million to $85 million a day. Some of its members have suggested they might not pay taxes to protest the standoff.
Some Thais are looking to the judiciary for a way out of the crisis. The Constitutional Court is expected to rule as soon as next week on whether three parties in the governing coalition including Somchai’s People’s Power Party committed electoral fraud.
If found guilty, the parties would be dissolved immediately, and executive members including Somchai would be barred from politics for five years. Non-executive members could, however, switch to another party.
Others are counting on the monarchy to end the standoff. Revered King Bhumibol Adulyadej, who has repeatedly brought calm in times of turbulence during his 62-year reign, will give his annual birthday-eve speech on December 4.