H1B visa numbers for IT professionals won’t come down: Nirmala Sitharaman
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New Delhi: Commerce minister Nirmala Sitharaman on Saturday sought to calm frayed nerves on the contentious visa issue, saying the number of H1B visas for Indian IT professionals would not come down.
“No need to get panicky on the visa front. The lottery process is something I suppose they (the US) wanted to do a correction on. The numbers are not something they are changing... the numbers will not come down,” Sitharaman told reporters in New Delhi.
Over the past few weeks, there is a growing sentiment of protectionism across various developed economies, including the US, seeking to safeguard jobs for locals and raise the bar for foreign workers. In the US, the Trump administration wants to replace the current lottery system with a more merit-based immigration policy.
A mere 17% of total US visas go to Indian companies and a number of American firms benefit from services provided by Indian firms, she noted. India has time and again expressed hope that the review of H1B visa process will take into consideration the positive relationship between the two countries. Any change in visa norms can affect the movement of labour as well as spike operational costs for IT players.
In response to the proposed tightening of the visa regime, Indian IT firms have been ramping up hiring of locals in the US, a market that accounts for almost 60% of the India’s technology export revenues. On changes in the selection process for H1B visa, the minister hoped that “where the high skill set is required, they (US) would look for that, rather than for first time graduates”.
The selection for such visas is getting selective, but the “numbers are not changing”. “No need of getting panicky... because the number of H1B visas that we have got, we will continue to get that,” she promised.
US President Donald Trump in April had signed an executive order for tightening the H1B visa programme to stop its “abuse” and ensure the visas are given to the “most- skilled or highest paid” petitioners, a decision that is seen to impact India’s $150 billion IT industry. The Indian IT industry expressed serious concern over the issue as these visas were mainly used for short-term work in the US.
The H1B is a non-immigrant visa that allows US companies to employ foreign workers in specialty occupations that require theoretical or technical expertise in specialised fields. Indian technology companies depend on it to hire tens of thousands of employees each year for their US operations.
The US market accounts for about 60% of the revenue of Indian IT. Reforming the H1B visa system was one of the major election promises from Trump. As per several US reports, a majority of the H1B visas every year are grabbed by Indian IT professionals. India accounts for the highest pool of qualified IT professionals, whose services go a long way in making American companies globally competitive.