Washington: With increasing concern over global warming, scientists and engineers in several emerging economies are pooling their expertise to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases like carbon-dioxide, a report has said.
With the help of a capacity-building task force that is part of the Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum (CSLF), an international climate change initiative with 22-member countries, several developing countries including India are acquiring the knowledge, skills and institutions they need to understand and implement carbon-dioxide capture and storage, the US State Department’s USINFO said.
A growing number of experts consider CO2 capture and storage one of the best ways to mitigate climate change. The technology encompasses capturing CO2 from power plants and fuel-processing facilities, then transporting it and injecting it for long-term storage into nearby geologic formations of gravel or porous rock, or into old oil or gas fields.
The CSLF held its first capacity-building workshop for emerging-economy members in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania this May where 55 delegates from six countries -- Brazil, China, Colombia, India, Mexico and South Africa -- and a participant from Saudi Arabia attended a three-day workshop hosted by the US Department of Energy (DOE) and its Pittsburgh-based National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL).
In October, some of the Brazilian delegates will host their own two-day capacity-building workshop and a day-long international seminar on CO2 capture and storage in Brasil.
“This is a manifestation of the concept of the CSLF task force,” Justin Swift, deputy assistant secretary for international affairs in DOE’s Office of Fossil Energy and chairman of the CSLF capacity-building task force, told the USINFO in an interview.