Sanitation: A year of action but what about outcomes? 

Expenditure has increased significantly, as has toilet construction. In 2016, 24% of India’s villages declared themselves open defecation free


A significant increase in the pace of activity under Swacch Bharat Mission (Gramin) has been seen in the fiscal 2017. Photo: Priyanka Parashar/Mint
A significant increase in the pace of activity under Swacch Bharat Mission (Gramin) has been seen in the fiscal 2017. Photo: Priyanka Parashar/Mint

2016-17 has seen a significant increase in the pace of activity under Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin). Expenditure has increased significantly, as has toilet construction. In 2016, 24% of India’s villages declared themselves open defecation free (ODF), including two states that joined Sikkim to being the first three ODF states in the country. But is this increased activity leading to change on the ground? 

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