New Delhi: The government is seeking legislative approval to sell down its stake in top lender State Bank of India (SBI) to 51%, which could raise about $2.5 billion, a quarter of what the bank needs to grow over the next five years.
On Monday, finance minister Pranab Mukherjee introduced a bill in the Lok Sabha seeking approval for cutting the government’s stake in SBI, and for the bank to raise capital by issuing shares or through a rights issue.
“This is an operational matter to see that SBI does not face capital constraints as the economy grows over 8%, resulting in lending growth rates rising at 25% or above,” Ananda Bhowmick, an analyst at Fitch Ratings, said.
SBI has said it plans to raise $4.3 billion through a rights issue in 2010-11, half of its requirement to sustain growth over the next five years with Asia’s third largest economy poised to expand at 8 to 9% in coming years.
The Union government, which owns 59.41% of SBI, can bring its holding down to 55% under current rules. Selling the stake all the way down to 51% would generate $2.5 billion at SBI’s current market price.
Shares in SBI extended gains to 3.3% after the news, before closing 1.2% higher at Rs2,070.25, outpacing the broader market’s 0.64% rise and a tad over the 1.1% uptick in the sector index.
SBI raised $4 billion in 2008 through a rights issue with the government issuing bonds to the bank in lieu of cash. With a 16-year high fiscal deficit that government is committed to cut, a repeat of this move is unlikely, analysts said.
The government has said it plans to bring down its holdings in banks but would keep majority control, a plan that has faced political and union opposition.
The government is in the process of selling partial stakes in its roughly 60 firms as part of an effort to close its fiscal deficit and make state enterprises more competitive. It aims to raise about $8.6 billion through such selldowns in the fiscal year that begins on 1 April.