Cairo: Activists trying to oust Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak extended protests against his 30-year rule into a third day on Thursday, playing cat-and-mouse with police and making a new call for protests seeking change.
Prominent reform campaigner Mohamed ElBaradei, who lives in Vienna, was due to return to Egypt on Thursday. His arrival could drive on protesters who have no figurehead, although many activists resent his long absences over past months.
At least three protesters and one policeman have died in clashes since they erupted on Tuesday. The protests, inspired by a popular revolt in Tunisia and unprecedented during Mubarak’s strong-arm rule, have seen police fire rubber bullets and tear gas at demonstrators throwing rocks and petrol bombs.
Like Tunisians, Egyptians complain about surging prices, a lack of jobs and authoritarian rule that has relied on heavy-handed security to keep dissenting voices quiet.
Protesters are promising the biggest demonstrations on Friday, the Egyptian weekend. A page on Facebook declaring the protest date gained 55,000 supporters in less than 24 hours.
“Egypt’s Muslims and Christians will go out to fight against corruption, unemployment and oppression and absence of freedom,” wrote an activist on the Facebook, which alongside sites like Twitter have been key tools to rally people onto the streets.
In central Cairo, demonstrators have burned tyres and hurled stones at police. In Suez, a city to the east, protesters torched a government building.
Wednesday’s protests extended into the early hours of Thursday, with small groups of protesters still assembling in both Cairo and Suez, and being chased off by police.
After calm returned to Suez, burnt car tyres, broken wood and torn down sign posts cluttered the streets. Windows at local fast food chains are smashed.
Interior Minister Habib al-Adli, who protesters have demanded resign, has dismissed the demonstrations.
“Egypt’s system is not marginal or frail. We are a big state, with an administration with popular support. The millions will decide the future of this nation, not demonstrations even if numbered in the thousands,” he told a Kuwait’s al-Rai newspaper, according to the newspaper’s website.
“Our country is stable and not shaken by such actions.”
Witnesses say demonstrators have been dragged away, beaten and shoved into police vans. The Interior Ministry said on Wednesday that 500 had been arrested. An independent coalition of lawyers said at least 1,200 were detained.
Sometimes police have scrambled to find the means to respond to the protests. In one spot in Cairo, angry police rammed sticks into pavements to break up concrete to use as projectiles to hurl at protesters. But protesters have constantly regrouped.
ElBaradei, a Nobel Peace Prize-winning former head of the UN nuclear watchdog, launched a campaign for change last year, raising hopes his international stature could galvanise the opposition. But many activists have since complained that he should have spent more time on the street than abroad.
“I am going back to Cairo and back onto the streets, because, really, there is no choice. You go out there with this massive number of people and you hope things will not turn ugly, but so far, the regime does not seem to have gotten that message,” he said in remarks on U.S. website The Daily Beast.
He said many Egyptians would no longer tolerate Mubarak’s government even for a transitional period, and dismissed as “obviously bogus” the suggestion that authoritarian Arab leaders like Mubarak were the only bulwark against Islamic extremism.
‘NO RELIGIOUS DIRECTION´
“If we are talking about Egypt, there is a whole rainbow variety of people who are secular, liberal, market oriented, and if you give them a chance they will organise to elect a government that is modern and moderate.”
Web activists seem to have acted largely independently of more organised opposition movements, including the Muslim Brotherhood, widely seen as having Egypt’s biggest grassroots network with its social and charity projects.
“Participation has no religious direction, it is an Egyptian movement,” wrote an activist about Friday’s planned protest.
Washington, which views Mubarak as a vital ally and bulwark of Middle Eastern peace, has called for calm and, increasingly, urged Egypt to make reforms to meet the protesters demands.
“We believe strongly that the Egyptian government has an important opportunity at this moment in time to implement political, economic and social reforms to respond to the legitimate needs and interests of the Egyptian people,” US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said.
An Islamist insurgency challenged Mubarak in the 1990s and was crushed by his vast security apparatus. But this is the first time since taking office in 1981 that he has faced such widespread protests from Egypt’s large, youthful population.
“The people want the regime to fall,” protesters chanted.
Egypt’s population of some 80 million is growing by 2% a year. Two thirds of the population is under 30, and that age group accounts for 90 percent of the jobless. About 40% live on less than $2 a day, and a third are illiterate.
A presidential election is due in September. Egyptians assume that the 82-year-old Mubarak plans either to remain in control or hand power to his son Gamal, 47. Father and son both deny that Gamal is being groomed for the job.
Egypt’s financial markets have been hit by the unrest, prompting the bourse chief, Khaled Serry Seyam, to call for calm. The stock market had tumbled and the Egyptian pound has fallen to its lowest level in six-years against the US dollar.