News in numbers | 33% of cigarette packs flout pictorial warning rule, study finds

In other news, the government plans to shut down 17 sick/loss-making public sector units following Niti Aayog’s recommendations


Tobacco-related diseases are said to kill about 2,500 Indians a day and an estimated 5,500 youth and children initiate tobacco use per day. Photo: Mint
Tobacco-related diseases are said to kill about 2,500 Indians a day and an estimated 5,500 youth and children initiate tobacco use per day. Photo: Mint

6,000 cusecs

What is it? The quantity of water the Supreme Court has asked Karnataka to release to Tamil Nadu between 21 and 27 September.

Why is it important? This is double of what the Cauvery Supervisory Committee had ordered Karnataka to release to its neighbouring state during the same period. Earlier, the apex court’s order to Karnataka to release 15,000 cusecs (later, modified to 12,000 cusecs ) a day until 20 September had triggered widespread protests in the state. Tamil Nadu has welcomed the latest order, while Karnataka has said it cannot be implemented.

Tell me more: The Supreme Court has also directed the Central government to constitute the Cauvery Water Management Board within four weeks. Karnataka is likely to be the first state to declare drought this year.

10

What is it? The number of terrorists reportedly killed on Tuesday as the Indian army foiled two infiltration bids made from across the border in Jammu & Kashmir’s Lachipura and Nowgam areas.

Why is it important? This comes two days after 18 Indian soldiers were killed in an attack by a suicide squad of militants when they attacked a camp in Uri. In Tuesday’s encounter, one Indian soldier lost his life. It was reported that gun battles between terrorists and the Indian security forces were on in Uri and Nowgam sectors last night.

Tell me more: Pakistan violated ceasefire and fired continuously for 20 minutes at Indian posts in Uri this morning, which is now believed to be a cover for the militants to cross over. A meeting of the Cabinet Committee on Security has been scheduled for Wednesday.

33%

What is it? The percentage of cigarette packs of different brands that flout the 85%-display rule mandated by the Central government, according to a study.

Why is it important? This calls for stricter enforcement norms. When the government ordered cigarette companies to display pictorial and health text warnings covering 85% of the principal display area on both sides of the pack, the tobacco lobby protested , saying this was practically not feasible. The move is believed to discourage smoking and tobacco consumption. Tobacco-related diseases are said to kill about 2,500 Indians a day and an estimated 5,500 youth and children initiate tobacco use per day.

Tell me more: The government had asked the companies to increase the graphic health warnings on the labels from 20% to 85% of the principal display area from 1 April this year. The study by Voluntary Health Association of India covered 786 cigarette packets from 24 different brands of four tobacco companies, 665 packets from seven companies making smokeless tobacco and 539 bidi packets in eight states .

17

What is it? The number of sick/loss-making public sector units the government plans to shut down, following the state think-tank Niti Aayog’s recommendations. The Prime Minister’s Office has given the go ahead. It awaits Cabinet approval.

Why is it important? The move will improve state finances by cutting losses. In some cases, land used by these companies can be put to more productive use or leased out. The National Jute Manufacturers’ Corporation, Bharat Wagon and Engineering, Indian Oil-CREDA Biofuels and CREDA HPCL Biofuel are among the companies identified for shutting down. Niti Aayog identified 74 sick or loss-making units for shutting down or sale.

Tell me more: The government also plans to reduce its ownership to 51% in 22 PSUs, as per Niti Aayog recommendations. The sale, also pending Cabinet approval, will help in reaching its disinvestment target of Rs.56,500 crore this financial year.

36.87 million

What is it? The number of barrels of crude that India plans to hold as emergency reserves.

Why is it important? India imports 80% of its oil needs, and this will cover about two weeks of demand. To this end, it plans to buy six million barrels from Iran, 4 million through BPCL and the remaining through Mangalore Refineries and Petrochemicals

Tell me more: Iran’s oil exports to India hit a 15-year high this year. The western Asian country exported 576,000 barrels a day to India in August.

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