Colombo: Sri Lankans voted on Thursday in an election likely to further entrench President Mahinda Rajapaksa’s political dominance, the first parliamentary poll since last year’s end of a quarter-century of war.
Nearly 80,000 police and soldiers guarded polling stations across the Indian Ocean island, where voters were deciding among 7,620 candidates for the 225-member parliament.
Election monitors reported turnout of about 30%, and a handful of minor incidents of violence.
Rajapaksa has already parlayed last May’s victory over the Tamil Tiger separatists into a new six-year term. Now he is banking on a resurgent economy and political momentum to give his United Peoples Freedom Alliance (UPFA) a legislative majority.
The end of the electoral uncertainty is expected to bring some stability to Sri Lanka’s post-war landscape, and give way to a clearer picture of what Rajapaksa plans to do with a $42 billion economy billed as an upcoming frontier market.
The Colombo Stock Exchange on Thursday kept climbing higher into record territory. It has gained 165 percent since 2009, spurred by the end of the war and lately has risen on hopes of political stability and macroeconomic reform after the polls.
Rajapaksa cast his ballot early at a school named after his politician father in Medamulana, in the southern Hambantota district where his eldest son, brother and niece were all contesting seats as part of a growing Rajapaksa dynasty. “We’ve ended terrorism now. What fire is under the ashes? We need to unite the broken hearts of this country through development,” he told reporters. “That can be done only through a stronger parliament. We’ve already shown in this short time what we are able with economic and other developments.”
The war deeply divided the Tamil minority and the Sinhalese majority from which Rajapaksa hails, like all of the country’s leaders since independence from Britain in 1948. He says reconciliation can only come from democracy and development.
Rajapaksa’s alliance has positioned itself as the shepherd of island-wide development and an economic revival, propelled by the stock market and sizeable foreign investment in high-yield government securities.
With the rupee currency on the rise, bond dealers say they expect steady foreign demand for government securities of 18 months’ tenure or less to pick up, especially after the vote.
The central bank this week reported GDP growth of 3.5% last year, and forecast 6.5% this year.
The government has said it will address a high fiscal deficit, the country’s main economic problem, through reforms under a $2.6 billion International Monetary Fund loan signed in July which boosted investor confidence.
Rajapaksa and his allies are aiming to win 150 seats, or the two-thirds majority he needs to change the constitution -- though he has not made public his intended amendments.
The opposition has vowed to block that, saying it would threaten democracy by giving him even more vast powers than he now has.
“We want the polling to be peaceful and everyone to exercise their franchise,” Ranil Wickremesinghe, leader of the main opposition United National Party, said after voting in Colombo.
Rajapaksa, 64, in January polled 58% against 40% for retired General Sarath Fonseka, his former war ally whom the opposition backed after he split with the president.
Fonseka after the election said the government had robbed him of victory, although monitors said there was no evidence of that. He was later arrested after being accused of plotting a coup.
Though still in military custody facing two courts-martial for politicking in uniform and improper procurement, Fonseka is running for parliament and remains an opposition rallying cry.
He denies wrongdoing and says he is a political prisoner. His appeal to some voters is simply that he is not Rajapaksa.
Tamil parties have been able to campaign unhindered for the first time since the end of the war. Election monitors reported some problems with thousands of war refugees getting transport from the camps they live in in northern Sri Lanka.
“We voted this time with many hopes. First we want to return to our village and we want a new home there, a good school for the children, good drinking water,” refugee Sellaiya Ranjaneedevi told Reuters in Vavuniya. “We are hoping to get these from the newly elected government.”
Opposition parties say Rajapaksa’s administration stifles dissent and the media, and intimidates people in Tamil areas with a heavy security presence and possibly armed proxies.
The government denies that as propaganda from Tiger supporters in the diaspora, and accuses the opposition of currying favour with Western governments that want to undermine Sri Lanka and get Rajapaksa out of power.
Rights group and Western governments say the government has been involved with, or turned a blind eye to, rights violations against critics including kidnapping, arrests and killings.