Detailing the steps taken by India towards sustainable development, its United Nations Ambassador Nirupam Sen told the Security Council that it has delivered a GDP growth of 8% with only 3.7% growth in its total primary energy consumption.
There has been effective delinking of energy sector growth from economic growth, he said in a paper circulated among Council members as it debated the impact of climate change on the security on 18 April.
The paper shows that India’s current per-capita GHG (Greenhouse Gasses) emissions are only 23% of global average, 4% of the US, 12% of EU and 15 % of Japan.
The paper said India, with 17% of the population of the world, has only 4% of global GHG emissions.
In all the major energy intensive sectors - steel, aluminium, fertiliser, paper, cement -- levels of energy efficiency are at global levels.Especially in the cement sector, the energy efficiency of Indian plants is among the world’s highest, the paper said.