New Delhi: India’s position at the upcoming United Nations conference of parties on climate change is clear that no change in definition of developed and developing nations will be entertained. “Kingpin is equity and the stress will be on common but differentiated responsibilities of developed and developing countries,” said Vijai Sharma, secretary, ministry of environment and forests (MoEF), at a pre-departure press briefing on Wednesday.
Sharma added that the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) very clearly defines Annex 1 and non-Annex 1 countries. “There is no mezzanine level in this definition”, he said.
Under the UNFCCC definitions, Annex 1 countries include industrialized nations, which are responsible for historical emissions and have responsibilities to curb atmosphere warming gas emissions for the period 2008-2012.
Cause of concern: A factory in China spewing smoke. Reuters
Though the US is still not a part of Annex 1 as it refuses to take on binding commitments to mitigate emissions, the question of redefining nations on the lines of growth in emissions and economy, has come from its team.
The upcoming conference, which begins on 1 December, is widely purported to be a lameduck one as President George Bush’s team will negotiate and not Barack Obama’s team. The President-elect has promised a change in US position.
Even though US’ stand is unlikely to change, other aspects such as enhanced action on technology transfer, funds for adjusting to adverse effects of climate change on developing countries and least developed countries, action on mitigation and additional sources of funding, are likely to see some progress.
“We are looking at new and additional sources of funding and not diversion of existing resources such as ODA (official development assistance) and other net foreign inflows available for economic and social development and poverty alleviation to developing countries,” said R.R. Rashmi, joint secretary, MoEF.