Bangalore: Prime Minister Manmohan Singh said nations made limited progress at the Copenhagen climate-change summit and no one was satisfied with the outcome.
“There is no escaping the truth that the nations of the world have to move to a low greenhouse gas emissions and energy efficient development path,” Singh told delegates attending the Indian Science Congress in Thiruvananthapuram on Sunday, according to an emailed statement from his office.
The Copenhagen Accord sets the goal of limiting global temperature increases to 2 degrees Celsius. It also pledges $30 billion (Rs1.4 trillion) between 2010 and 2012 and $100 billion a year by 2020 for developing countries to help adapt to and mitigate the effects of climate change.
The agreement has been criticized by environmental groups such as Friends of the Earth and carbon traders including Barclays Capital as it didn’t set binding targets. While countries including the US, China and India agreed on 19 December to take note of the agreement, they were given until 31 January to list actions and targets.
Environment minister Jairam Ramesh said on 22 December a statement by the White House senior adviser David Axelrod that the US can challenge India and China if they don’t meet the goals is spin meant for domestic consumption.
China, the world’s largest polluter, acted as a responsible nation at the talks last month and doesn’t merit subsequent criticism, the country’s state-run Xinhua News Agency said in a commentary.
“There is a shift to renewable sources of energy and India must take the lead in the development of science and technology related to mitigation and adaptation of climate change,” Singh said.
India needs to increase its solar and nuclear supplies considerably, he said. An accord last year with the Nuclear Suppliers Group will lift restrictions on the transfer of nuclear fuel and technology to India, he added.