Geneva: Getting a global free trade deal agreed in 2011 is in serious doubt as developed nations and emerging giants are locked in disagreements over industrial tariff cuts, the WTO head warned on Thursday.
“My frank assessment is that under the right conditions ... a deal would be doable ... but for NAMA where the differences today are effectively blocking progress and putting into serious doubt the conclusion of the round this year,” said Pascal Lamy, director general of the World Trade Organization.
NAMA or non-agricultural market access refers to negotiations on tariff reductions for industrial goods which are bound up with talks on agricultural produce, accounting for the bulk of the Doha Round talks.
“This is a grave situation for the round and for all of the efforts and aspirations it embodies,” Lamy said in a note accompanying the latest set of negotiation texts published Thursday.
“It is our reality, however, and we must face it squarely in order to try to find a way forward together,” he acknowledged.
Launched in 2001 in the Qatari capital, the Doha Round of trade talks have repeatedly missed deadlines as industrialised and developing nations fail to agree on the level of cuts on industrial good tariffs and agriculture subsidies.
In January , political leaders from some trading nations repeated their call for the conclusion of the round in 2011, with British Prime Minister David Cameron warning that “we cannot go on after a decade with another year” of negotiations.
“If we come back and we’re still talking about it, then I think that would be hopeless,” Cameron said.
A key gap lies in proposals to subject entire specific industrial sectors to tariff cuts, or sectoral negotiations.
Participation in sectorals is voluntary under the Doha mandate but developed countries such as the United States, want emerging giants like China and India to sign up.
After holding one-on-one consultations with these key-trading nations, Lamy said “there is a fundamental gap in expectations in sectorals.”
“This gap is not a technical one that one could bridge through adjustments in the architecture of sectorals,” he noted.
“I believe we are confronted with a clear political gap which, as things stand, under the NAMA framework currently on the table, and from what I have heard in my consultations, is not bridgeable today,” Lamy added.