Bibhudatta Pradhan, Bloomberg
New Delhi: India’s President A.P.J. Abdul Kalam said the country needs to end the era of coalition politics and move toward a two-party system.
“The emergence of multiparty coalitions as a regular form of government that needs to rapidly evolve as a stable, two- party system” is one of the challenges India needs to respond to, Kalam said in New Delhi today at a function to commemorate the 150th anniversary of the nation’s first war of independence.
Coalition governments have ruled India since 1989, except between 1991 and 1996, when a minority Congress government was at the helm. Five of the seven governments that were formed between 1989 and 2004 didn’t complete their five-year terms.
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh leads a 14-party coalition government that depends on the outside support of the four communist parties for its parliamentary majority. The communist parties oppose the sale of state-owned assets and the easing of foreign investment rules in local insurance companies.
India’s independence movement started with a military revolt in Meerut near New Delhi on 10 May 1857. India attained independence from British rule in 1947.