New Delhi: Rich nations will have to take their share of responsibility for environmental degradation and pay proportionately more for their dominant role in climate change over 200 years of industrial development, finance minister Pranab Mukherjee said, articulating India’s stand before a key meeting in Copenhagen in December.
“We have to keep in mind the historical backdrop. It should be accepted that the responsibilities should be common but differentiated depending upon the capability,” Mukherjee said at the World Economic Forum’s India Economic Summit on Tuesday. “The applicable forum for consideration should be the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.”
Tough talk: Mukherjee also said that the government will have to take corrective measures soon and that fiscal consolidation is imperative. Ramesh Pathania / Mint
Mukherjee said that the recent Group of Twenty summit discussed additional support to combat the effects of the financial crisis, stability in the financial markets, the financing of climate-change mitigation efforts and the strategy to withdraw stimulus measures. He said the steps would be withdrawn as the government seeks to return to the path of fiscal consolidation.
“In 2008-09 India clocked a GDP (gross domestic product) growth of 6.7%. If you compare it with the previous two quarters’ figures, it was reasonably acceptable. The question is how we proceed from here,” Mukherjee said.?“In due course, we will have to take corrective measures. The Prime Minister has very much in his mind a fiscal consolidation which is imperative.”
He reiterated his intention to bring down the fiscal and revenue deficit to 4% and 1.5%, respectively, by 2012.
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh said at the summit on Sunday that the stimulus measures announced in the last fiscal to combat the economic slowdown would be wound down next year, following recent signs of an upturn in the economy.
The fiscal stimulus came in the form of both budgetary support for select sectors and cuts in indirect taxes such as central excise and service tax. The Union government announced a fiscal stimulus package of Rs1.86 trillion while the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) provided potential liquidity of around Rs5 trillion, shielding the economy from the global financial crisis.
On 27 October, RBI signalled it was exiting its loose monetary policy regime and turning its sights to dealing with higher inflation, estimated to reach 6.5% by the end of March.
Answering a question about India reaching growth levels of 9-10%, Mukherjee said: “If the situation remains normal, by 2012 we will be able to achieve the magic figure. I will be happy if we achieve 7%-plus for the next year and the 8%-plus for the year after that and then take it up from there.”
India’s economy, which grew at an average pace of around 9% for three consecutive years, making it the second fastest growing economy in the world, slowed to 6.7% in 2008-09 amid the worldwide financial crisis.