New Delhi: 57 million Indians might be living with diabetes by the year 2025, if their current lifestyle and food habits do not change drastically.
In a Paper brought out by Assocham on the epidemic of the new millennium, it clearly points out that presently 25 million Indians suffer from diabetes, having gone up from 19 million in 1995.
* Out of a population of over 1 billion, 3% of rural population is affected and 10-11% urban population.
* Diabetics are presently confined to the 10% of the upper income group and 33% lower income group.
* Number of Non-insulin Dependant Diabetics Mellitus (NIDDM) is estimated at 98%.
* Delhi has an 11.6% of diabetics; Mumbai 9.3%; Bangalore 12.4%; Chennai 13.5%; Hyderabad 16.6% and Kolkata 11.7%.
* By 2025, number of persons with diabetes is expected to increase in developed countries by 41% from 51 million now to 72 million and by 170% in developing countries, i.e. from 84 to 228 million.
* Uncontrolled diabetes affects blood vessels, heart, kidney, eye, food and nerves. Preventive measures need to be adopted to further control its spread.
* It is one of the most common non communicable disease worldwide and a fourth leading cause of death in the developed world.
* Number of diabetic patients worldwide will go over 300 million by 2025 (127%).
* Compared to India, US and China have lessor diabetic patients: China has an estimated 17 million as against 14 million in US. This is expected to increase to 34 million and 21 million by 2025 respectively.
* Step up awareness so that people take more vitamins such as Alpha-Lipoic Acide, vitamin E, vitamin B6, vitamin B12 and Folic Acid.
* Enhance PPP in diabetes prevention.