Tokyo: In order to discuss issues connected with the realization of agreement on building an International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER), all the member countries are taking part in a two-day conference at Japan.
The participants will discuss on the realization of agreement on the start-up of the implementation of the project. The ITER is likely to provide mankind with an almost unlimited source of energy.
The start-up agreement was signed in Paris in autumn last year when it was decided to build the reactor in France’s south, at Cadarache and to site a rector control and data processing center in Japan, at Rokkasho, Aomori Prefecture.
The world’s first controlled thermonuclear fusion reactor is expected to be put into operation in ten years’ time. It will be operated jointly for the subsequent 20 years.
The aggregate cost of the project is about $ 13,000 million. A half of the amount is to be provided by the European Union while the rest will be distributed equally among the other parties to the project-- Britain, India, China, the United States, South Korea, and Japan.
A thermonuclear reactor will use the energy of nuclear fusion of hydrogen isotopes that get depleted, leaving practically no radioactive waste. About 100 times as much energy will be released per unit of fuel weight than in case of uranium nuclei fission.