Jerusalem: India’s ‘silicon valley’ Bangalore has been rated among top polluted megacities in the world, claims a new study, using data collected by NASA’s high-tech satellites.
Scientists at Tel Aviv University tracked pollution trends for 189 megacities, including Mumbai, New York City and Tokyo, by analysing eight years’ worth of data from three of NASA’s high-tech aerosol monitoring satellites.
Northeast China, India, the Middle East, and Central Africa are currently leading in pollution increase, including Bangalore, with a 34% average increase in aerosol concentration between 2002 and 2010, website Tel Aviv University’s American Friends (AFTAU) reported.
Europe and Northeast and Central North America are seeing the largest decreases in aerosol concentrations overall, the website said.
Among the cleanest cities were Houston, with a 31% decrease over the time period; Curitiba, Brazil, with a 26% decrease; and Stockholm, Sweden, with a 23% decrease.
Researchers led by Pinhas Alpert of Tel Aviv University’s Department of Geophysics and Planetary Sciences tracked pollution trends for 189 megacities metropolitan hotspots where the population exceeds 2 million.
Their method, published in the American Journal of Climate Change, is the first to provide standardised global testing of pollution levels.
Researchers found that the thickest layers of global smog caused by traffic, industry, and natural minerals, among other factors are found over the world’s megacities.
Some American cities were on the list of increased pollution levels, including Portland with a 53% average increase and Seattle with a 32% average increase, but Alpert believes these numbers reflect the multiple wildfires that have been happening in the region in the second half of the period examined. In the future, he hopes to develop a method for separating such natural causes of pollution from man-made pollutants for more accurate data.
However, getting an accurate measurement of pollution is no easy task. On-the-ground monitoring stations do not always provide the most accurate picture monitoring stations depend heavily on local positioning and some cities put stations in urban centers, while others build on the edge of a city.