New Delhi: Among India’s lead states, Delhi’s performance for enrolling students at its primary and upper primary levels is the most abysmal as its ranking has slipped to 17th from 16th, indicating its Human Development Index (HDI) is one of the lowest despite the city boasting of economic supremacy, according to industry chamber Assocham.
Tamil Nadu has emerged as the lead state for securing first ranking in enrolling students at primary and upper primary levels with Gross Enrollment Ratio (GER) reaching the highest level.
*Despite Delhi’s per capita income exceeding Rs34,000 per annum, its GER is around 71% as against 100% of Tamil Nadu
*ICT schemes in the state were best implemented; it offered most lucrative scholarships to students upto primary and upper primary levels through private sector participation
* Second shifts of education became more acceptable in the state as aggressive expansion of technical education institutions were done in the last 4-5 years with girl students getting hostel and eating facilities as a result of which GER became highest in the country
* Based on 2001-02 official estimates as compared to recent estimates of 2007, state of Assam had highest GER which is now far below Tamil Nadu
* From the survey it emerged that reasons for Delhi’s ranking slipping to 17th from 16th in its GER was that the government focused more on improving physical infrastructure such as roads, telecom, construction, real estate, putting up malls while improving on educational infrastructure, the priority has been most negligible
* GER is indicative of the human resource development index as higher the GER, better would be the HDI. India’s ranking in HDI is 128th globally and it is because enrolments at primary and upper primary levels are not satisfactory
* Himachal Pradesh secured 2nd ranking in GER as student enrolment at its primary and upper primary centre is near 100%; followed by Mizoram that ranks 3rd; Manipur 4th followed by Goa, Tripura, Kerala and Gujarat
* Chandigarh where per capita income is highest (over Rs40,000 per annum), has GER of around 96% while Maharashtra ranks 9th followed by Karnataka, Andhra and Meghalaya
* Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal are among the large states whose GER falls beyond 20th ranking and their enrolment stands at primary and upper primary levels at around 80%, leading to HDI being very low
* All state governments including UTs should concentrate more towards creation of primary and upper primary schools in a fashion so that their enrolment ratio increases. This should be possible provided the concerned government ensures better implementation of schemes like Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan and subsidies provided under such schemes reach the targeted group
* India’s global ranking of HDI index would improve from current 128, provided at least at primary and secondary levels, basic education is provided to all with adequate inspiration to motivate students to go beyond upper primary levels and improve their living standards