New Delhi: International negotiations to prevent climate change were progressing at a “painfully slow” pace, said Prime Minister Manmohan Singh.
An acceptable global strategy for mitigation of climate change must be based on equitable sharing of the burden, Singh said after inaugurating the clean energy ministerial in New Delhi on Wednesday.
“On any principle of equity, the industrialized countries have to bear a large share of the burden,” he said, adding that intense discussions on these issues have not led to solutions.
“The goal of stabilizing global temperatures at acceptable levels is nowhere in sight,” Singh said. A forum such as the fourth clean energy ministerial being held in New Delhi this week helps countries to exchange information and collaborate even as the climate negotiations take place under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Singh said.
Improving energy efficiency and shifting to clean energy sources help mitigate emissions and both involve costs, Singh said. “Market forces alone will not provide sufficient financing unless the risks of policy change are appropriately addressed,” he said.
India was keen to induct the best clean energy, especially solar technology, while encouraging domestic production, Singh said. He invited global manufacturers to set up production facilities in India and announced the establishment of a National Institute of Solar Energy. This will be a global centre for innovating affordable and convenient solar power production and use systems, Singh said.
Speaking about other constraints to green energy expansion, Singh pointed to the environmental impact and rehabilitation of affected people, especially in the case of hydroelectric power.
United Nations secretary general Ban-ki Moon said in his address that the UN sustainable energy forum and the clean energy ministerial had important synergies. “Let us work together to bypass outmoded systems and support clean energy requirements of the future,” he said.