Morgan Stanley Mutual Fund Trust, a mutual fund investor in Flipkart Ltd, has lowered its estimate of the online retailer’s valuation by 15.5% for the second successive quarter in a row.
The fund marked down the value of its Flipkart shares to $87.9 per share as of 31 March from $103.97 per share as of 31 December. The December value marked a 27% fall from $142.24 per share in June 2015, according to a regulatory filing by the firm in February.
This implies Morgan Stanley values Flipkart at $9.39 billion. The online retailer was valued at $15 billion when it received $700 million from Tiger Global Management, Qatar Investment Authority and other investors midway through last year. That was its fourth round of fund-raising in a year. Its valuation shot up roughly five times from $2.5-3 billion in May 2014.
Flipkart didn’t immediately respond to an email seeking comment.
Flipkart’s markdown is part of a bigger trend among technology start-ups. Investors in the US have marked down valuations of start-ups such as Uber, Snapchat, Dropbox and others because of concerns over losses, slowdown in sales growth and other reasons.
Morgan Stanley is not the only fund to have marked down its stake in Flipkart.
In May, two small mutual fund investors at Flipkart marked down the company’s valuation. Valic Co 1 marked down Flipkart’s value by 29.4% as of February compared with August 2015, according to a regulatory filing with the US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Valic valued Flipkart’s Series D stock at $98 a share in February, down from $139 a share in August.
Fidelity Rutland Square Trust II marked down Flipkart’s value by as much as 39.6% as of February compared with last August, according to a filing with SEC. It valued Flipkart’s Series D stock at $82 a share in February, down from $135.8 a share in August.
In April, T. Rowe Price disclosed in a filing that it cut the value of its stake in Flipkart by 15%.
To be sure, Fidelity and Valic hold very small amounts of Flipkart stock. Their holdings together are worth less than $6 million. That’s a minuscule fraction of Flipkart’s overall value.
But taken along with other markdowns by T. Rowe Price and the successive ones by Morgan Stanley, both of which together own hundreds of millions of dollars worth of Flipkart stock, it confirms the view that Flipkart’s own investors believe the company is overvalued by a significant amount.
On its part, Flipkart dismisses the markdowns as insignificant.
“We’ve not asked them (why they have marked down the valuation). They’re very small investors. It’s a global phenomenon; it’s not specific to Flipkart. The funds have their way of (calculating valuations) which isn’t clear. If in future they mark up our valuation by 30%, it’s not like we’re suddenly going to be happy. The way we look at it is that when we raise money, that’s when we get a valuation," chief executive officer Binny Bansal told Mint in an interview on 24 May about the earlier markdowns.
Mint reported on 14 April that Flipkart has held funding talks with more than 15 investors over the past six months, all of whom have refused to invest in the company at its preferred valuation of $15 billion. Mint also reported then that Snapdeal (Jasper Infotech Pvt. Ltd), which is India’s second-most valuable Internet company, has also held talks with several new investors who have declined to put up money at Snapdeal’s asking price of $6.5 billion.
Bansal said in the interview on 24 May that he didn’t know how the investor markdowns would affect Flipkart’s chances of raising money—simply because the company wasn’t trying very hard to raise money right now.
“We’re not in the market that much. And the market isn’t very good either for raising funds. We’re very focused on getting the right customer and growth metrics," he said.