Pfizer sees turnaround for poorly performing labs

Pfizer sees turnaround for poorly performing labs

New York: The public has good reason to look beyond Pfizer Inc’s disappointing track record in developing new medicines, the drugmaker’s research chief told investors on Monday.

Mikael Dolsten, speaking at the Morgan Stanley Global Healthcare Conference in New York, said the company would have preferred more new drugs to have come out of its laboratories in recent years. Few big-selling medicines have emerged from Pfizer’s labs since its Viagra anti-impotence pill was introduced in 1998, despite the company’s unmatched research budget.

But Dolsten said people should not look through “eyes of the past," but instead focus on the company’s pipeline of experimental drugs now making their way through clinical trials. They include compounds to treat arthritis and Alzheimer’s disease, and to prevent strokes linked to irregular heartbeats.

“We’re building a coherent organization, allowing a diversity of approaches for success," he said, including an increasing focus on biotechnology medicines that target proteins linked to specific diseases.

Dolsten, former head of research for Wyeth, became co-head of research at Pfizer when the larger company acquired Wyeth for $67 billion last October—sharing responsibility with Pfizer veteran Martin Mackay. But McKay left Pfizer just seven months later to head research at rival AstraZeneca Plc, leaving Dolsten in command of research for the world’s largest drugmaker.

McKay’s unexpected departure underscored the often-told difficulties of consolidating research efforts from mega-mergers of drugmakers with different product lines and cultures.

Dolsten on Monday noted that Pfizer and other big pharmaceutical companies traditionally have earmarked 15% to 20% of annual company revenue to research and development.

Pfizer spent $2.19 billion on research and development in the second quarter, amounting to about 13% of its $17.3 billion in quarterly revenue.

Dolsten said the company needs to be more flexible about its level of R&D spending, and that the traditional industry research spending formula should not be carved into stone.

By relying more on external research partnerships, such as with biotechs and universities, Dolsten said Pfizer could amplify its research and development output.

Pfizer’s depressed share price, however, reflects investor doubts whether the company can indeed finally revive its research labs, which faltered badly after its earlier mega-mergers over the past decade with US rivals Warner-Lambert and Pharmacia.

In the meantime, Pfizer is counting on cost savings from its latest mega-deal and Wyeth’s vaccines and biotech drugs to keep its earnings fairly intact when Pfizer’s $11 billion-a-year Lipitor cholesterol fighter begins facing US generic competition late next year.