Mumbai/New Delhi: India’s largest law firm, Cyril Amarchand Mangaldas, is being scrutinized by Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) after they seized documents related to the $2 billion fraud at state-run Punjab National Bank (PNB) from Cyril Amarchand Mangaldas’s premises in February, a lawyer representing the government and a police source told Reuters.

In what has been dubbed as India’s biggest bank fraud, Punjab National Bank in January alleged that billionaire diamond jeweller Nirav Modi and his uncle Mehul Choksi had for years fraudulently raised billions of dollars in foreign credit by conspiring with staff at the bank.

In mid-February, Modi’s aides packed cartons of documents at one of his diamond firm’s offices in Mumbai and sent them to Cyril Amarchand Mangaldas’s office nearby, from where police seized them within a week on 21 February, a review of CBI court filings and witness testimonies showed.

K. Raghavacharyulu, a prosecution lawyer in the Nirav Modi case, and two CBI sources who declined to be named, said Cyril Amarchand Mangaldas possessed documents detailing Modi’s dealings with PNB, even though the firm wasn’t representing the diamond magnate or his companies.

“Cyril Amarchand Mangaldas was not their attorney in the PNB fraud case, 100% sure...that’s why they could not cite attorney-client privilege," Raghavacharyulu said, adding that his assessment was based on regular briefings he received from CBI investigating officers.

Cyril Amarchand Mangaldas declined to comment on its relationship with Nirav Modi, who is on the run overseas. Its spokeswoman, Madhumita Paul, said the firm “strictly follows the legal best practices and does not comment on matters that are sub-judice or are under investigation".

In CBI’s first charge sheet in May in the PNB fraud case against Modi and others, the agency said that “incriminating documents/articles relevant to the case" were concealed in the office of Cyril Amarchand Mangaldas. No charges were brought against the law firm and it was not named as a witness in the case.

Since then, Raghavacharyulu said, police have not interviewed any Cyril Amarchand Mangaldas official in the case, though one CBI source said that before filing the first chargesheet, police summoned, questioned and recorded the statement of at least one junior Cyril Amarchand Mangaldas lawyer.

That statement has still not been produced in court because the agency is deliberating whether to charge the law firm for concealment of evidence or name it as a prosecution witness to testify against Nirav Modi, the source said.

Raghavacharyulu said it is possible the police could bring charges against Cyril Amarchand Mangaldas for helping conceal documents. “Who told you we are not going to charge them?" he said. “The possibility of naming Cyril Amarchand Mangaldas in the next Nirav Modi case charge sheet has not been ruled out."

Cyril Amarchand Mangaldas declined to comment on the possibility of being charged or being named as a witness, and said the Reuters findings were “full of false and speculative statements". It did not elaborate.

The firm didn’t comment on why it possessed the documents seized by CBI.

CBI’s spokesman, Abhishek Dayal, declined to comment for this article, saying the PNB fraud case was under investigation and it will not be appropriate to say anything at this stage.

The CBI first learnt of Cyril Amarchand Mangaldas’s possession of the documents when it questioned Modi’s office staff, the police source said. The documents were moved in a mini-truck in 50-60 cartons to the law firm, according to two witness testimonies seen by Reuters.

On the afternoon of 20 February, CBI officers went to Cyril Amarchand Mangaldas’s office with a legal search authorization and the documents were found in a meeting room, according to a previously unreported 10-page CBI “search list" seen by Reuters.

The CBI search, which involved eight federal police officers, included locking and sealing the meeting room overnight as the search dragged on over two days. On the night of 21 February, CBI officers left with 24,625 pages of documents, which included copies of financial statements of Modi’s firms and details of interbank fund transfers, according to the search list.

Cyril Amarchand Mangaldas has more than 600 lawyers. It has advised companies such as Alphabet Inc.’s Google, Microsoft Corp., Standard Chartered Plc and India’s ICICI Bank Ltd, according to research firm The Legal 500. It also advises Thomson Reuters, which owns Reuters, the company’s news division.

This story has been published from a wire agency feed without modifications to the text. Only the headline has been changed.

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