Kolkata: Hindustan Motors Ltd, the maker of the Ambassador car, on Saturday announced suspension of work at its Uttarpara factory near Kolkata, putting at risk at least 2,500 jobs.
In a stock market filing, Hindustan Motors said on Saturday it had to halt production in view of “low productivity, growing indiscipline, critical shortage of funds, lack of demand for its core product, the Ambassador, and large accumulation of liabilities".
West Bengal’s labour minister Purnendu Bose said in television interviews that the state government will intervene to find a solution. Trading in Hindustan Motors’ shares had to be halted on Friday after it jumped 19.9% to ₹ 13.30 on BSE.
Modelled on Britain’s Morris Oxford, the Ambassador was the first car to be made in India, according to the company, and was once a status symbol. But it began losing its dominance in the mid-1980s when Maruti Suzuki India Ltd introduced its low-priced 800 hatchback.
It lost further cachet and market share when global auto makers began setting up shop in India in the mid-1990s, offering models with contemporary designs and technology.
The Ambassador has remained the choice of a dwindling share of bureaucrats and politicians, usually in white with a red beacon on top and a chauffeur at the wheel. It is also still in use as a taxi in some cities.
The company sold about 2,200 Ambassadors in the fiscal year ended in March 2014, a tiny share of the 1.8 million passenger cars sold during the year in India, according to industry data. A new Ambassador in Kolkata starts at Rs515,000, according to a dealer in the city.
“The suspension of work will enable the company in restricting mounting liabilities and restructure its organisation and finances and bring in a situation conducive to reopening of the plant," the company said in its statement. The plant, with nearly 2,500 staff, also produced the Winner light commercial vehicle and components.
Some industry watchers said it would be difficult for the “grand old lady" of the Indian car market to make a comeback. “In the present shape I don’t think the Ambassador has got any chances of revival," said Deepesh Rathore at research firm Emerging Markets Automotive Advisors. “It doesn’t make any business sense," he said.
World’s best taxi
Abdul Majeed, a partner at PriceWaterhouseCoopers India, said to revive demand, Hindustan Motors would need to invest in shrinking the Ambassador and making it more fuel efficient, with success hardly assured.
Despite its dwindling sales, the distinctive car with its bulbous design and roomy interior has many admirers and was last year named the world’s best taxi by the BBC’s popular Top Gear television show.
In Kolkata, there were some 33,000 Ambassador taxis at the end of 2013.
“There are newer cabs in Kolkata of different companies now, but we still drive an Ambassador and cannot think of the city without it," said Ashok Kumar Singh, 32, who has driven a yellow Ambassador taxi in Kolkata for a decade. “She is my livelihood," he said.