Coal India Ltd (CIL), the world’s largest coal miner, has held internal talks to discuss buying metal mines abroad amid faltering revenues and rising employee costs, potentially signalling a strategy shift to cut reliance on the fossil fuel.
The state-run firm plans to form two units: one to manage its local mining of iron ore, bauxite and manganese, and another to expand into copper and nickel mining overseas, two CIL officials involved in the planning told Reuters.
“The plans of Coal India to enter into metal mining business both in India and abroad are in a very nascent stage, and of strategic and confidential nature," said the company.
CIL, which has so far been unsuccessful in buying stakes in overseas coal mines, is banking on government-to- government deals for its overseas foray into metal mining, company officials said, adding that any proposal that follows will be subject to board approval.
The plan to diversify into mining metals such as copper and nickel with no prior experience is being seen by analysts as a long-term strategy to firm up revenues, with no immediate results in sight.
“It may not happen for at least the next couple of years, given the track record of Indian PSUs (public sector units) investing in other countries," said Gautam Chakraborty, an analyst at Emkay Global Financial Services Ltd.
CIL has had little luck with overseas deals, and is still scouting for deals to buy a minority stake in “prime coking coal" mines in Queensland in Australia, one of the officials quoted above said, adding that a majority stake looks unlikely.