Wrestling: For Indian women, strength gives pride

Wrestling: For Indian women, strength gives pride

Tripti Lahiri, AFP

New Delhi: Sonika Kaliraman remembers how her father, Indian wrestling legend Chandgi Ram, used to share newspaper articles among his daughters to inspire them with stories of women doing well in different fields.

One day he showed them a couple of clippings, and said: “This is what you girls are going to be like."

His three daughters were elated, looking at a picture of Bollywood star Priyanka Chopra who was crowned Miss World in 2000.

“I was so happy, I thought he’s going to put us in modeling," recalled the six-foot Kaliraman, 23, wearing a grey shirt, black lycra pants and a bandage on her sprained ankle at her father’s wrestling training camp in New Delhi.

But her dad pushed forward two other pictures — of Laila Ali, daughter of boxing champion Muhammad Ali, who was winning boxing bouts in 2000, and south Indian Karnam Malleswari, who won an Olympic gold in Sydney for weightlifting.

Even though she grew up in a wrestling camp, Kaliraman remembers being horrified, thinking she would end up unmarried, and with nothing to show for her sporting life but broken bones.

But at 72 kilograms (158 pounds), she is now one of India’s leading female wrestlers and has won championships in neighbouring Haryana and Punjab states, where the sport is adored.

“I couldn’t have got a better opportunity," said Kaliraman, who says an Indian wrestler can make almost $14,000 (Rs623,280) prize money in a good year.

In India, sport can also be a ticket to a better life, with government agencies and the police forces keen to give good athletes jobs to improve their sports teams.

“Winning feels great. How to stop yourself from getting beaten up no matter what — that’s wrestling. It’s do-or-die, beat or be beaten," said the young wrestler.

She went to the Asian games at Doha, and though she didn’t win there, another Indian female wrestler, Geetika Jakhar, came away with a silver medal.

Kaliraman now hopes to make it to next year’s Beijing Olympics after women’s wrestling became an Olympic event for the first time in 2004.

The Wrestling Federation of India says it has been promoting the women’s sport more in recent years, following the lead of the Swiss-based International Federation of Associated Wrestling Styles.

There are now about 200 professional women wrestlers in India, the Indian body said, compared to 1,000 men.

Kaliraman, who loves competing, says the sport transformed her from a timid teenager into someone who can intimidate men into silence.

“In our communities, girls are taught to stay at home, to be scared, as if you are something to be eaten up," said the heavyweight wrestler.

“Now I am so frightening, no boy dares to say a thing to me. This is a rough-tough game and your mind gets rough and tough."

As she and her sisters participated in bouts in Haryana and Punjab, where mud wrestling among men has long been a popular village sport, families would flock to see the famed wrestler’s daughters.

And other girls began to ask how they could take up the sport. Many of the nine or 10 girls staying at Chandgi Ram’s camp on the banks of the Yamuna say their parents supported their choice.

“In Haryana everyone knows Chandgi Ram. I heard that his daughters do it and he had a wrestling camp," said short-haired Kamlesh, 22, whose husband also lives at the camp but does not wrestle.

From 4:00 to 7:00 pm every evening, as the sun filters through a large ramshackle room with mats on the floor, the girls, wearing T-shirts and track pants, perform warm-ups before doing paired combat, as male coaches supervise.

During the training session, Chandgi Ram, who is now in his seventies, sits outside in front of a red Hanuman Temple, dedicated to the vigorous monkey god revered by Indian wrestlers.

“We want medals. If girls can win medals then let’s train girls," said Chandgi Ram, matter-of-factly, about his decision to begin training women at his camp.

“In India there’s opposition for women everywhere. But we have to go forward."

Sudesh, a 14-year-old from Haryana, said that she had faced some criticism for being a wrestler, though not from her parents.

“Older people get more upset but girls are doing well in it," said Sudesh, who has been training for two years. Unlike many Indian girls, she is far from thinking about marriage.

“Not ‘til I bring some medals.“