The share of households’ monthly spending on personal care products and household items held steady in 2014, and the share of education went up by 6 percentage points, showing that urban consumers remain in pursuit of an aspirational lifestyle, according to a study by market researcher IMRB International.
Average monthly spending went up by 14% in 2014, on higher costs of goods and increased expenditure on categories such as education, according to the Wallet Monitor study, which covered 36,000 households in 190 cities. In line with the trend that emerged in 2013, the share of household expenditure on food and groceries fell to 36% in 2014 from 40% in the previous year, leaving consumers with more money to spend on non-food essentials.
The study suggested that urban consumers refrained from cutting back on lifestyle spending in 2014, with the share of expenditure on entertainment and eating out holding steady, although the frequency of such consumption dipped. “Priorities remained clear," said Deepa Mathew, group business director at IMRB International. “They don’t want to compromise on an aspirational lifestyle."
On average, the total household expenditure of consumers targeted by the IMRB study increased by 29% between 2010 and 2013. Incomes rose by 46% in 2010-2014, the study said.
Despite rising costs, consumers were not willing to sacrifice spending on goods that they have become accustomed to, said Mathew. The share of spending on household products dipped only slightly from 6% to 5%. Growth in personal-care spending held steady at 5%.
Bhavna Chaturvedi, 35, a Delhi-based homemaker, found newer ways to stretch her budget. “We’ve started consuming cheaper variants of packaged rice for the house and even curbed spends on certain toiletries," said Chaturvedi, who saw the cost of her child’s education rise by 10%.
Her family now either watches a movie together or eats out. “We avoid clubbing the two. It’s a conscious decision, the taxes are only spiralling," she said.
Spending on non-food items has been rising steadily year-on-year, emulating consumption patterns in more developed markets. “It’s a natural progression," said an executive at a top retailer, who was not authorized to speak to the media. “Once your basic needs are fulfilled, you will look at spending more on other items." The executive predicted that over the next five years, spending on leisure, services and healthcare will grow faster than expenditure on food and groceries.
The proportion of consumers eating out at restaurants at least once in an month fell from 22% in 2013 to 18% in 2014. Even the percentage of consumers visiting fast food restaurants declined from 34% in 2013 to 30% in 2014.
Education seemed to garner the highest share of the wallet. Overall spending on education increased by 61%.
Average inflation in 2014 cooled to 6.37%, down from 10.92% in the year-ago period.
The report comes at a time when news of a weak monsoon has rattled consumer firms, which are concerned about a slump in rural consumption.
According to a 6 April report by Mumbai-based brokerage Edelweiss Securities, growth in coming quarters will be more volume-led as firms pass on some benefits of benign raw-material prices to consumers.
The research for Wallet Monitor was conducted at the end of 2014 across 18 states. Housewives aged 25-55, across socio-economic categories, were interviewed for the study.