Timeline: 2G scam

Timeline: 2G scam

The Supreme Court order scrapping 122 licences also strengthens the Central Bureau of Investigation and the Central Vigilance Commission, and questions the legitimacy of the government’s actions

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The following is a chronology of how the 2G scam began and the journey so far

02 February 2012 | The Supreme Court ordered the scrapping of 122 telecom licences issued to nine companies in 2008 in what’s become popularly known as the 2G scam—a major setback to a sunshine sector gone bad and a government just recovering from a year when it was pummelled by several controversies such as this. (read story)

02 February 2012 | Indian banks on Thursday ruled out any major hit on their books on account of the cancellation of second-generation (2G) licences awarded to some telecom firms, saying such exposure is backed by adequate collateral and these loans are performing assets. Banks are confident that if required, they can revoke the collateral and guarantees to get back their money. (read story)

02 February 2012 | Two back-to-back Supreme Court judgments have come as a shot in the arm for the Central Vigilance Commission (CVC), bolstering its image as the country’s highest anti-corruption watchdog. (read story)

02 February 2012 | The anti-corruption movement started by Anna Hazare received a shot in the arm after the Supreme Court in its rejection of government-issued telecom licences singled out the role of social activists in exposing corruption in high office. (read story)

02 February 2012 | The incumbent telecom companies can be expected to get bolder with tariff increases, thanks to the Supreme Court’s decision to cancel the telecom licences of new entrants. Bharti Airtel Ltd, Vodafone Essar Ltd and Idea Cellular Ltd had raised tariffs by 20% last July, resulting in an increase in revenue per minute in the quarter ended September. But this had also led to a drop in volumes. (read story)

02 February 2012 | In 2008, the Union government awarded 122 telecom licences on a first-come-first-served basis to new entrants and CDMA operators migrating to GSM technology, at a price discovered in the auction for the fourth cellular operator in 2001. (read story)

02 February 2012 | In the span of a week, the Supreme Court has passed two orders that have significantly strengthened efforts to investigate and prosecute the corrupt. They have given teeth to the Central Vigilance Commission, freed the Central Bureau of Investigation from reporting to the government on key cases, and empowered even an ordinary citizen to initiate action against the corrupt. (read view)

02 February 2012 | Views : What the Supreme Court judgement means

31 January 2012 | The issue of spectrum allocation has come back to haunt both telcos and the government. India’s Telecom Commission, the highest policymaking body of the government, will most likely recommend that all telcos be charged retrospectively for all second-generation, or 2G, spectrum they hold in excess of 6.2 megahertz, or MHz, (5MHz in the case of telcos using the CDMA platform). (read story)

17 January 2012 | The Union government defended the law minister and the attorney general in an affidavit submitted to the Supreme Court while accusing those who have been pursuing cases against alleged wrongdoing in telecom spectrum allocation of seeking to discredit the government and key officials. (read story)

02 January 2012 | The Supreme Court will hear the bail pleas of Siddhartha Behura and R. K. Chandolia, public officials accused in the 2G spectrum case. (read story)

16 December 2011 | The Delhi high court on Friday rejected the bail application of former telecom secretary Siddhartha Behura, one of the 14 people initially accused of wrongdoing in the allocation of 2G spectrum. (read story)

15 December 2011 | Allegations were levelled in the Supreme Court against law minister Salman Khurshid and two top officials in the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), claiming their interference in the Essar Group-Loop Telecom case and preventing charges being filed against public officials. (read story)

02 December 2011 | The Delhi high court (HC), acting on its own, took cognizance on Friday of the bail granted by a special court to the former private secretary of ex-telecom minister A. Raja in the second-generation (2G) spectrum case, and stayed its operation. The order came a day after the release on bail of R.K. Chandolia. (read story)

29 November 2011 | After spending more than six months in judicial custody, K. Kanimozhi, a lawmaker of the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) party, was on Monday granted bail by the Delhi high court along with four others facing charges in the second generation (2G) telecom spectrum scam. (read story)

24 November 2011 | Five business executives accused in the second-generation (2G) telecom spectrum case were granted bail by the Supreme Court on Wednesday after spending seven months in judicial custody. (read story)

22 November 2011 | Special court judge O.P. Saini announced on Tuesday that the high-profile 2G spectrum case trial will be shifted to the Tihar court complex. (read story)

14 November 2011 | A former Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) official told a parliamentary panel that his assessment of the loss to the exchequer from alleged wrondoing in the allocation of second-generation (2G) telecom licences was less than what appeared in the final report by the watchdog agency. (read story)

12 November 2011 | An employee of Reliance-Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group, now known as Reliance Group, brought forth as the first witness by the prosecution in the 2G spectrum trial, said on Friday that he was not sure if group chairman Anil Ambani was ever chairman of Swan Telecom Pvt. Ltd, now known as Etisalat DB Teleservices India Pvt. Ltd. (read story)

03 November 2011 | K. Kanimozhi, daughter of Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) patriarch M. Karunanidhi, and seven others accused in the second-generation (2G) spectrum allocation scam were denied bail by a special court on Thursday. (read story)

31 October 2011 | A Public Accounts Committee (PAC) meeting that was expected to discuss differences in the Comptroller and Auditor General of India over the exchequer’s losses from the allocation of second-generation (2G) telecom spectrum had to be called off because of objections raised by members of the parliamentary panel belonging to the ruling party. (read story)

30 October 2011 | In a surprise announcement, controversial corporate lobbyist Nira Radia, the owner of the PR firm which has Tata group and Mukesh Ambani-led RIL as its top clients, has decided to exit from communication consultancy business. (read story)

25 October 2011 | Judge O.P. Saini reserved his order till 3 November on bail pleas of Rajya Sabha member K. Kanimozhi and six others in the second-generation (2G) spectrum case on Monday, while accused Reliance Telecom Ltd moved a writ petition before the Delhi high court asking that Saturday’s order on charges be quashed. (read story)

24 October 2011 | Anil Ambani-controlled Reliance Telecom Ltd moved a petition on Monday in the Delhi high court that seeks quashing of charges framed against three of its executives by a special court. (read story)

03 October 2011 | The department of telecommunications (DoT) may be preparing to issue a notice threatening to cancel the 13 telecom licences of Etisalat DB Telecom (formerly Swan Telecom) because it sees Swan as an associate of Reliance Telecom Ltd at the time it had applied for spectrum. (read story)

29 September 2011| Finance minister Pranab Mukherjee and home minister P. Chidambaram sought to bury any differences between them by issuing a joint statement on Thursday on a controversial 10-page note that surfaced last week. (read story)

Quick Edit |UPA’s all is well

29 September 2011 | The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) on Thursday told the Supreme Court it is still investigating businessman Anil Ambani and his Reliance Group in the second-generation (2G) spectrum allocation case, following allegations by public interest petitioners that the agency was not going after the “big fish". (read story)

26 Spetember 2011 | The story of how the government’s auditor arrived at its 1.76 trillion loss figure in the so-called 2G (second-generation) scam and how the report featuring this number was prepared becomes curiouser and curiouser. (read story)

26 Spetember 2011 | Amid the controversy over his alleged role in the second-generation telecom spectrum (2G) scam, an upset Union home minister P. Chidambaram met Congress president Sonia Gandhi on Monday to express his displeasure over a likely smear campaign from within the party and the government, said two people familiar with the development. (read story)

26 Spetember 2011 | Former telecom minister A. Raja on Monday told a Delhi court that former finance minister and now home minister P. Chidambaram, should be summoned and examined as a witness in the 2G spectrum allocation case. (read story)

26 Spetember 2011 | The CBI on Monday moved a designated special court for slapping the fresh charge of breach of trust by public servants against former telecom minister A. Raja and two others in the 2G spectrum allocation case. (read story)

23 September 2011 | Union home minister P. Chidambaram was at the centre of political wrangling on Thursday, with the opposition seeking his resignation over decisions relating to the allocation of telecom spectrum dating back to his tenure as finance minister, and the ruling party defending his record. (read story)

20 September 2011 | The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) told the Supreme Court on Tuesday that it had concluded its investigations into the “A. Raja conspiracy" part of the so-called second generation , or 2G, spectrum scam, and expressed reluctance to reopen the case to probe the role of then finance minister P. Chidambaram. (read story)

19 September 2011 | The special court hearing the 2G (second generation) spectrum allocation case said on Monday that it would allow the recent opinion of the ministry of law and justice on ‘associate companies’ to be placed on the record, a decision that could weaken the prosecution’s case. (read story)

15 September 2011 | A key charge made by the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) in its criminal case against Reliance Telecom Ltd and Swan Telecom (now Etisalat DB Telecom India Pvt. Ltd) hangs in the balance and it has to do with a definition. (read story)

15 September 2011 | Janata Party chief Subramanian Swamy on Thursday pleaded before a Delhi court that it should bring on record purported new facts that former finance minister P. Chidambaram and former telecom minister A. Raja had a role in deciding 2G spectrum prices and entry fee. (read story)

12 September 2011 | A top executive of the Maxis group was on Monday questioned by the CBI in connection with alleged irregularities in spectrum allotment during the tenure of former telecom minister Dayanidhi Maran. (read story)

09 September 2011 | DMK MP Dayanidhi Maran has not so far been given a clean chit in 2G scam case, CBI on Thursday told the Supreme Court and objected to the allegation that its investigation in this case is “less than honest". (read story)

05 September 2011 | The Rs65,000 crore to Rs1.76 trillion estimate for losses (from the improper allocation of spectrum to telcos in 2008) put forth by the government’s auditor, the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG), appears to be based on a methodology that even the team doing the audit didn’t entirely buy. (read story)

05 September 2011 | The Supreme Court on Monday said that it would like to go through the Trai report which said that there was no loss to public exchequer in the allotment to 2G spectrum during the tenure of former telecom minister A. Raja. (read story)

02 September 2011 | With the CBI deciding to examine Jaswant Singh in 2G case, the senior BJP leader, who was the finance minister in NDA government, on Friday said that no irregularities were committed during his tenure. (read story)

02 September 2011 | A motion will be moved in the Lok Sabha on Monday seeking an extension of term for the Joint Parliamentary Committee (JPC) looking into 2G spectrum allocation scam till the next budget session. (read story)

01 September 2011 | The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) on Thursday told the Supreme Court it is yet to find any corroborative evidence against former telecom minister Dayanidhi Maran to show that he “coerced" entrepreneur C. Sivasankaran to sell Aircel Ltd to Malaysia-based Maxis Communications Bhd and that he received kickbacks in return. (read story)

01 September 2011 | The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) on Thursday told the Supreme Court that probe in the 2G spectrum allocation scam has shown “violation" of norms during NDA regime when late Pramod Mahajan and Arun Shourie were the telecom ministers and said the then finance minister Jaswant Singh would be examined. (read story)

30 August 2011 | A Delhi court will decide on 15 September whether to put former telecom minister A Raja, DMK MP Kanimozhi and 15 others on trial for their alleged role in the 2G spectrum allocation scam, which according to CBI has caused a loss of Rs. 30,984 crore to the public exchequer. (read story)

26 August 2011 | The Supreme Court on Friday issued notice to the CBI on the bail pleas of three top executives of Reliance ADAG firm, arrested for their alleged involvement in the 2G spectrum scam. (read story)

24 August 2011 | Jailed former telecom minister A Raja Tuesday told a Delhi court that he would get Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, then finance minister P Chidambaram and present telecom minister Kapil Sibal summoned as witnesses to prove government did not incur any loss in the 2G allocation. (read story)

23 August 2011 | Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and then finance minister P Chidambaram were fully in the loop on the 2G spectrum license allocation and had decided along with then telecom minister A Raja not to auction them, jailed DMK MP Kanimozhi told a Delhi court Tuesday. (read story)

19 August 2011 | Jailed Bollywood producer Karim Morani on Friday claimed innocence in a Delhi court saying CBI has failed to establish that the alleged trail of Rs200 crore to DMK-run Kalaignar TV through his firm Cineyug was a bribe in lieu of grant of 2G licence. (read story)

11 August 2011 | The proceedings in the 2G spectrum case were on Thursday interrupted in a Delhi court by lawyers observing a one-day strike against the delay in transferring power to lower courts to hear all civil cases irrespective of the money involved in them. (read story)

• The Delhi high court on Thursday dismissed the bail plea of former telecom secretary Siddhartha Behura, arrested for his alleged role in the 2G spectrum scam. (read story)

10 August 2011 | Reliance Telecom Ltd, one of the three companies accused in the so-called second-generation (2G) telecom scam, on Wednesday denied the charges against it in a special Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) court and said no criminal case can be made out against the company as it did not violate the terms of spectrum licensing. (read story)

09 August 2011 | The Supreme Court on Tuesday issued notice to the CBI seeking its response on the bail pleas of Unitech Wireless’ managing director Sanjay Chandra and director of Swan Telecom Vinod Goenka, accused in the 2G scam case. (read story)

06 August 2011 | Unitech Wireless MD Sanjay Chandra on Saturday questioned CBI in a court here for sparing in the charge sheets other telecom companies which were ready with the demand drafts much before the LoIs were distributed for 2G spectrum licence. (read story)

04 August 2011 | The affordable billing of one paise per second could not have become a reality had government auctioned 2G licenses as suggested by CAG, Swan Telecom today told a Delhi court and sought discharge saying the “hypothetical" loss of 1.76 trillion cannot be a ground for its prosecution. (read story)

03 August 2011 | Tata group chairman Ratan Tata on Wednesday rejected allegations of giving bribe to former telecom minister A. Raja to secure 2G spectrum allocation and said charges being made in the court proceedings were an attempt at diversion. (read story)

02 August 2011 Shahid Balwa, managing director of Swan Telecom, claimed in court on Tuesday that he and his company were being unfairly targeted by the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) in their ongoing investigations into 2G spectrum allocation. (read story)

01 August 2011 | DB Realty Ltd promoter Shahid Balwa on Monday pleaded not guilty in the so-called 2G scam case, citing that Prime Minister Manmohan Singh had said there was no loss to the government or anything wrong with the policy on second-generation (2G) spectrum allocation. (read story)

27 July 2011 | Former telecom minister A. Raja sought to convince the court hearing the case on the allocation of second-generation (2G) spectrum that if he was guilty of misconduct then others were more so, pointing specifically at attorney general Goolam E. Vahanvati on the issue of a controversial press release. (read story)

26 July 2011 | A. Raja’s lawyer on Monday put the government and Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in a politically difficult situation by claiming that some of the former telecom minister’s actions in the controversial 2008 sale of second-generation (2G) telecom spectrum (now called the 2G scam) enjoyed tacit official approval. (read story)

07 July 2011| A day after the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) informed the Supreme Court that Dayanidhi Maran was being investigated for his role in the telecom licence allocation, the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) leader quit the Union cabinet, even as a fresh affidavit was filed in the case accusing Union telecom minister Kapil Sibal and attorney general Goolam E. Vahanvati of irregularities. (read story)

06 July 2011 | Submissions by India’s federal investigation agency that former telecom minister Dayanidhi Maran misused his position and that irregularities in the issue of second-generation (2G) telecom licences and spectrum in 2008 could extend to the ministry of corporate affairs (MCA) may lead to fresh trouble for the beleaguered government. (read story)

27 June 2011 | The hearing on the bail plea of Bollywood film producer Karim Morani, arrested in the 2G scam, was deferred on Monday by the Delhi high court to 5 July, pending submission of report on his health condition by a hospital here. (read story)

17 June 2011 | The CBI on Friday opposed in the Supreme Court the bail plea of DMK MP Kanimozhi and co-accused Kalaignar TV MD Sharad Kumar in the 2G case on the ground that if released, they could tamper with evidence and influence witnesses. (read story)

13 June 2011 | The Supreme Court on Monday sought the CBI’s response on DMK MP Kanimozhi’s bail plea and also wanted to know the status of 200 crore allegedly given to Kalaignar TV. (read story)

10 June 2011 | Dravida Munnettra Kazhagam (DMK) MP Kanimozhi and Kalaignar TV MD Sharad Kumar, accused in the 2G spectrum case, on Friday moved the Supreme Court seeking bail. (read story)

08 June 2011 | Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) MP Kanimozhi and Kalaignar TV MD Sharad Kumar will remain confined to Tihar Jail as the Delhi high court on Wednesday dismissed their bail pleas in the 2G case, saying they have strong political connections and the possibility of them influencing witnesses cannot be ruled out. Read story

07 June 2011 | Former Aircel promoter C. Sivasankaran told the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) on Monday that former telecom minister Dayanidhi Maran had forced him to sell his stake in the telco to Malaysia-based Maxis Group. Read story

06 June 2011 | Rejecting allegations that he had ‘forced and arm-twisted’ former Aircel chief C Sivasankaran to sell his business as telecom minister, union minister Dayanidhi Maran on Monday asserted that he would prove his “innocence" before the appropriate authorities. Read story

02 June 2011 | The special court looking into 2G scam dismissed petitions by a Ghaziabad-based scrap dealer Dharmender Pandey, to include Reliance ADA group chairman Anil Ambani, Tata Sons chairman Ratan Tata, corporate lobbyist Niira Radia and DMK chief M Karunanidhi’s wife Dayalu Ammal, as accused in the 2G spectrum scam. Read story

• Fresh media reports of irregularities in the second-generation (2G) spectrum allocation involving former telecom minister Dayanidhi Maran, currently Union textile minister, sent the stocks of broadcasting company Sun TV Network Ltd and airline SpiceJet Ltd crashing on Thursday. The companies are run by his brother Kalanithi Maran. Read story

01 June 2011 | Defying a clamour for his resignation, Union textile minister Dayanidhi Maran on Wednesday said he did not favour Aircel Ltd while granting spectrum and licences as telecom minister during 2004-07. Read story

The 2G Family Tree | An interactive Graphic

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30 May 2011 | Cineyug Films director Karim Morani, an accused in the 2G spectrum case, was on Monday arrested and taken into judicial custody after a Delhi court rejected his bail plea. Read story

27 May 2011 | The city government and Tihar Jail authorities on Friday told the Delhi high court that Asif Balwa, an accused in the 2G spectrum case, cannot be allowed to use iPad in jail. Read story

• A Delhi court on Friday reserved its order on the bail plea of former telecom secretary Siddhartha Behura, an accused in the 2G spectrum case. Read story

26 May 2011 | A Delhi court on Thursday reserved its order on the bail plea of Cineyug Films director Karim Morani, an accused in the 2G spectrum case. Read story

23 May 2011 | Three days after the dismissal of her bail plea, DMK MP Kanimozhi along with Kalaignar TV MD Sharad Kumar on Monday moved the Delhi high court challenging the trial court’s order. Read story

• A Delhi court on Monday dismissed the anticipatory bail plea of Cineyug Films director Karim Morani, an accused in the 2G spectrum allocation case. Read story

• The Delhi high court on Monday rejected bail to five company executives charged in a multi-billion dollar telecom corruption scandal that has rocked political and business establishments in Asia’s third-largest economy. Read story

20 May 2011 | Denied bail by a special court in Delhi, K. Kanimozhi was arrested on Friday, providing a fresh setback to the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK), a week after the party suffered its worst rout in assembly elections in Tamil Nadu. Read story

18 May 2011 | Janata Party chief Subramanian Swamy on Wednesday told a Delhi court that his private complaint in the 2G spectrum case, touching the issue of national security, should be heard separately as the CBI is not willing to club his complaint with its FIR in the scam. Read story

14 May 2011 | In a sort of anti-climax, a special court on Saturday prolonged the suspense on the bail application of DMK MP Kanimozhi in the 2G spectrum case by deferring the pronouncement of its order till 20 May. Read story

09 May 2011 | The CBI will conclude in three months its probe in the 2G spectrum allocation scam and file two more chargesheets carrying names of alleged accused firms in the case. Read story

07 May 2011 | Keeping the suspense on, a Delhi special court on Saturday reserved orders on DMK MP Kanimozhi’s bail plea after the CBI strongly opposed it saying she is “controlling everything" in Kalaignar TV, which got Rs200 crore from Dynamix Balwa group, from behind the scene. Read story

06 May 2011 | In their bid to defend K. Kanimozhi, a member of Parliament and daughter of Tamil Nadu chief minister K. Karunanidhi, her legal team implicitly implicated former telecom minister A. Raja for alleged wrongdoings in the allocation of second-generation (2G) telecom licences. Read story

• The Supreme Court on Friday issued notices for contempt to Sahara India Investment Corporation’s managing director, Subroto Roy,Sahara India Media Ltd’s editor Upendra Rai and Sahara Samay reporter Subodh Jain for allegedly blackmailing an officer of the Enforcement Directorate (ED) and thereby hindering his investigation of the 2G spectrum scam. Read story

05 May 2011 | The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) on Thursday stepped up its verbal attack on home minister P. Chidambaram and demanded a probe by the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) into his alleged role in the irregular allotments of second-generation (2G) spectrum. Read story

• Rajya Sabha MP and Dravid Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) chief M. Karunanidhi’s daughter Kanimozhi will on Friday appear before a Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) court hearing the telecom spectrum allocation case. Read story

• The Supreme Court on Thursday expressed displeasure over the tardy pace of probe by the Income Tax department into the tax evasion cases linked to 2G spectrum case, saying it wanted “results". Read story

04 May 2011 | The income tax department has found instances of alleged tax evasion and “multiple routing" of undeclared wealth in the 2G spectrum allocation scam and will file its first status report on the probe in the case in the Supreme Court on Thursday. Read story

03 May 2011 | The Delhi high court on Tuesday refused to hear the bail plea of Cineyug Films director Karim Morani, chargesheeted by the CBI in the 2G spectrum case, and asked him to approach the trial court first. Read story

01 May 2011 | The Income Tax (IT) department will file its first status report on investigation into tax evasion in the 2G spectrum allocation scam on Tuesday in the Supreme Court. Read story

30 April 2011 | Unfazed by the ‘rejection’ of the draft report on 2G scam, PAC chairman Murli Manohar Joshi on Saturday submitted it to Lok Sabha speaker Meira Kumar on the last day of his term as head of the Committee. Read story

29 April 2011 | A day before the tenure of the Public Accounts Committee (PAC) is due to end, the government and the opposition, in an indication of growing friction, mounted verbal attacks on each other on Friday over the House panel’s inquiry into the allocation of second-generation telecom spectrum. Read story

28 April 2011 | In an unprecedented move, United Progressive Alliance (UPA) members in the Public Accounts Committee (PAC) have rejected a draft report prepared by panel chairman Murli Manohar Joshi on irregularities in the allocation of the second-generation (2G) spectrum licences. Read story

• The Public Accounts Committee (PAC) met here on Thursday with its chairman Murli Manohar Joshi saying the report on 2G spectrum scam was on agenda and will be discussed on merit. Read story

27 April 2011 | The draft report of the Public Accounts Committee (PAC) has indicted former telecom minister A. Raja and blamed Prime Minister Manmohan Singh for failing to prevent irregularities in the allocation of second-generation (2G) telecom licences. Read story

• The Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) did not walk out of the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) at the Centre on Wednesday over the 2G issue and decided to fight the case legally. Read story

26 April 2011 | The CBI is likely to approach the Supreme Court to extend the 31 May deadline to file the third chargesheet in the 2G spectrum scam. Read story

• The Delhi high court said on Tuesday it will resume on 29 April a hearing for bail applications of five business executives charged by the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) in a multi-billion dollar 2G spectrum scam case. Read story

25 April 2011 | The scandal-scarred United Progressive Alliance (UPA) suffered a fresh setback on Monday, after twin blows by the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), the federal investigating agency. Read story

24 April 2011| The CBI, in its second chargesheet likely to be filed tomorrow, may name Tamil Nadu chief minister M Karunanidhi’s daughter Kanimozhi, wife Dayalu Ammal and several others for allegedly getting benefits out of the allocation of 2G spectrum to certain telecom firms. Read Story

23 April 2011 | Former telecom minister A. Raja and two corporate honchos, who have been chargesheeted in the 2G Spectrum allocation scam case, on Saturday complained to a Delhi court that documents supplied to them by the CBI were incomplete. Read Story

21 April 2011 | Delhi High Court on Thursday deferred a hearing on bail pleas of five business executives charged in one of India’s biggest corruption scandals that has undermined the government and business sentiment in Asia’s third-largest economy. Read Story

• The impasse over the Public Accounts Committee (PAC) report on alleged irregularities in second-generation (2G) spectrum allocation continued as the ruling Congress party stuck to its position that the matter should be probed by the Joint Parliamentary Committee (JPC) formed to investigate the issue. Read Story

20 April 2011 | A court on Wednesday rejected bail applications of five business executives involved in one of India’s biggest corruption scandals, pushing forward a case that has undermined the government and business sentiment in Asia’s third largest economy. Read Story

15 April 2011 | A court on Friday reserved till 20 April its order on the bail plea of five corporate executives, accused in the 2G spectrum scam, after CBI argued that they be sent to jail as the fear of witnesses being won over or influenced is there. Read Story

• The Public Accounts Committee’s (PAC) probe into second-generation (2G) spectrum allocation irregularities hit a new hurdle on Friday with members on the panel from the ruling United Progressive Alliance (UPA) challenging the functioning of the panel as a joint parliamentary committee (JPC) is conducting an enquiry into the same issue. Read Story

• Despite failing 14 eligibility conditions, Swan Telecom was given a second chance following the personal intervention of former telecom minister A. Raja, a scrutiny of the documents of the department of telecommunications (DoT) and the charge sheet filed by the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) shows. Read Story

13 April 2011 | Five corporate honchos, who have been named in the charge sheet in the 2G spectrum case, on Wednesday moved bail pleas in a Delhi court which asked the CBI to file its replies. Read Story

• A court on Wednesday put on trial the first set of officials and businessmen indicted in the country’s biggest corruption case, a multi-billion dollar telecom scandal that has weakened the government and put off some foreign investors. Read Story

11 April 2011 | The Supreme Court on Monday directed the government to appoint senior advocate U. U. Lalit as special public prosecutor for the trial of 2G spectrum case involving former telecom minister A. Raja and others. Read Story

• In what could lead to a redrawing of the Indian telecom sector in three years, minister for communications and information technology Kapil Sibal said on Monday that an operator would have to apply 30 months in advance of the expiry of its licence for renewal. The renewed licence will only be valid for 10 years, half the lifespan of existing ones. Read Story

• The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) and the Enforcement Directorate (ED) may send a joint team to Cyprus and Mauritius to follow the money trail linking those allegedly involved in wrongdoing in the allocation of second-generation (2G) telecom spectrum. Read Story

3 April 2011 | The stage is set for the start of a criminal trial that will bring crony capitalism under scrutiny after the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) filed its first chargesheet over alleged wrongdoing in the allotment of second-generation (2G) telecom licences, implicating one of India’s most high-profile business groups, its second biggest real estate company and a prominent politician among others. Read Story

1 April 2011 | Senior advocate Uday U. Lalitwill be the special public prosecutor in the second-generation (2G) spectrum case, Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) counsel K.K. Venugopaltold the Supreme Court on Friday. Read Story

29 March 2011 | The CBI on Tuesday informed the Supreme Court that telecom companies - Swan Telecom and Loop Telecom - were used as front companies by established telecom players to get 2G spectrum illegally during the tenure of former telecom minister A Raja. Read Story

• Ratan Tata and Anil Ambani will appear before a parliamentary committee that is probing a multi-billion-dollar telecom licencing scandal, their companies said in separate statements. Read Story

28 March 2011 | DB Realty, which is embroiled in the 2G spectrum probe, on Monday said its director Sundaram Rajagopal has stepped down, making him the fourth board member to quit since February. Read Story

• Parliament’s public accounts committee (PAC) has summoned corporate lobbyist Niira Radia and Tata group chairperson Ratan Tata on 4 April to discuss their role in the 2G spectrum allocation case. Read Story

25 March 2011 | A Delhi court on Friday transferred the private complaint of Janata Party chief Subramanian Swamy in the 2G spectrum case to the special court constituted by the Supreme Court to deal with all cases related to the scam. Read Story

23 March 2011 | The CBI will examine officials of Loop Telecom, under the scanner in the 2G spectrum allocation scam, about their meeting with the Indian high commissioner to Mauritius during which they had sought details of Letters Rogatory sent by the agency in connection with its probe. Read Story

22 March 2011 | The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) may name former telecom minister A. Raja, Kalaignar TV managing director Sharad Kumar, former managing director of DB Realty LtdShahid Balwa and other arrested accused in its first chargesheet in the second-generation (2G) spectrum allocation case to be filed before a special court on 31 March. Read Story

Quick Edit |Completing the deck

17 March 2011 | The Supreme Court on Thursday reserved its order on petitions seeking cancellation of 122 licences of telecom operators who allegedly benefited in the 2G spectrum allocation scam during the tenure of former telecom Minister A. Raja. Read Story

• The death of former telecom minister A Raja’s key aide Sadiq Batcha was due to asphyxia and his body showed compression of the neck with hanging mark, a doctor who conducted the post-mortem said on Thursday. Read Story

16 March 2011 | The Supreme Court on Wednesday asked the government to clarify if its first-come-first-served policy for spectrum allocation was evolved by Trai or the department of telecommunication following conflicting versions. Read Story

• Chennai-based realtor Sadhick Batcha, a close aide of jailed former telecom minister A Raja, was declared dead after he was found hanged at his home on Wednesday, police said. There was no immediate clarity on whether the death was a suicide. Read Story

• The probe into the 2G scam led CBI to the doors of country’s top law officer Attorney General G E Vahanvati and RBI Governor D Subbarao whose statements were recorded by the agency in connection with the multi-crore spectrum allocation. Read Story

11 March 2011 | Widening its probe into the 2G scam, the CBI on Friday questioned DMK chief M Karunanidhi’s daughter Kanimozhi and his wife Dayalu Ammal on alleged transfer of money from Mumbai-based Cineyug to Kalaignar TV, in which both jointly own 80% stake. Read Story

10 March 2011 | The joint parliamentary committee (JPC), constituted to probe the 2G spectrum scam, will have its first meeting on 24 March. Read Story

7 March 2011 | DB Realty on Monday said that it has accepted the resignation of its managing director and director of the company Shahid Balwa with effect from 9 February 2011. Read Story

4 March 2011 | The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) will start fixing the criminal culpability of telecom companies being probed for their involvement in the second-generation (2G) telecom spectrum allocation scandal within two weeks, and include this in the draft chargesheet to be filed before the Supreme Court (SC), two senior officials at the investigative agency said. Read Story

1 March 2011 | Jailed former telecom minister A Raja’s plea to participate in the proceedings in the 2G spectrum allocation scam case against him through video- conferencing was on Tuesday allowed by a Delhi court. Read Story

28 February 2011 | Every which way you look at it, this year’s Union budget is very important. Consumers, who rarely count midway through a government’s term, are looking for relief from inflation and governance failures; similarly, the growing legion of impatient youth (50% of India is less than 35 years of age) needs jobs. Indian industry, despite its newly acquired chutzpah, will not say no to sops, but would rather that the government provided clarity on crucial tax reform that’s pending. Read Story

24 February 2011 | The congress-led UPA on Thursday announced a 30-member Joint Parliamentary Committee (JPC) to examine "policy prescriptions and their interpretation" by successive governments in the allocation and pricing of telecom licences and spectrum from 1998 to 2009. Read Story

22 February 2011 | Prime Minister Manmohan Singh succumbed to opposition pressure for a joint parliamentary committee (JPC) probe into second-generation (2G) spectrum allocation, a decision that may pose a political problem for the Congress-led United Progressive Alliance (UPA). Read Story

21 February 2011 | The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) on Monday questioned promoters of the Videocon group, Venugopal Dhoot and his brother and Rajya Sabha member Rajkumar Dhoot, over their alleged links with the so-called second-generation (2G) spectrum allocation scam. Read Story

20 February 2011 | Investigations into the allocation of second-generation (2G) mobile spectrum, thus far confined to politicians and companies, have been widened to the lenders who financed the telecom firms. Read Story

Quick Edit |A chance for reforms

19 February 2011 | As the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) conducted searches at Kalaignar TV Pvt. Ltd in Chennai on Friday as part of investigations into alleged wrongdoing in the allocation of second-generation (2G) telecom spectrum, another phone company’s links to the television house came under scrutiny. Read Story

18 February 2011 | Former telecom minister A Raja and Swan Telecom promoter Shahid Usman Balwa, arrested for their role in the 2G spectrum allocation scam, were “evasive" and “hiding real facts" during questioning, the CBI told a Delhi court on Friday. Read Story

• The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) questioned Prashant Ruia, chief executive officer of Essar Group, on Thursday as part of inquiries into the allocation of second-generation (2G) mobile spectrum in 2008. Read Story

17 February 2011 | Former telecom minister A Raja, arrested for his alleged role in 2G Spectrum allocation scam, was sent to Tihar Jail by a Delhi court on Thursday under 14-days’ judicial custody. Read Story

• He blamed the opposition for holding up economic reforms, he blamed the compulsions of coalition politics for corruption, and he just about refused to take responsibility for everything—and so, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s meeting with television journalists failed to enthuse investors, the stock markets, political analysts, and, expectedly, the opposition parties. Read Story

16 February 2011 | Amid charges and counter charges by telecom operators over 2G spectrum allocation between 2001 and 2009, Bharti group chairman Sunil Mittal has asked the service providers to exercise restraint and not to make any statement while the probe is on. Read Story

• After the clearest signal from Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on JPC formation to probe 2G spectrum scam, government on Wednesday made a fresh bid to end deadlock in Parliament as finance minister Pranab Mukherjee met BJP leaders who insisted that JPC should announced on 22 February to enable the House to function normally. Read Story

Edit |Plumbing a new low

15 February 2011 | The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) questioned on Tuesday the managing director of Unitech Ltd Sanjay Chandra over a telecom corruption scandal, Binita Thakur, a spokeswoman for the CBI said. Read Story

14 February 2011 | Keen to see that the budget session of Parliament commences on a smooth note, Congress on Monday gave indications that it might not be averse to a JPC to probe the 2G scam if the opposition is ready for a prior debate and agree to modalities for such an inquiry. Read Story

• Former telecom minister A. Raja was on Monday remand for three more days by a Delhi court which also extended the custody of Swan telecom promoter Shahid Usman Balwa for four days in the 2G spectrum case after the CBI said it wanted to confront them on the money trail. Read Story

13 February 2011 | Banks lending to real estate companies could grind to a halt after two major realtors were linked to ongoing investigations into the telecom spectrum scam. Read Story

• Under the scanner for its alleged association with Swan Telecom, Anil Ambani group firm Reliance Communications on Sunday said it only held 9.9% equity share capital in the firm at the time of applying for 2G licences and asserted that it did not violate any norms. Read Story

11 February 2011 | The Supreme Court on Thursday dramatically raised the profile of the judicial intervention into the alleged scam involving the allotment of second-generation (2G) telecom spectrum by stating that the case deserved to be dealt with by a special court and at the same time asked for the arrest of all beneficiaries. Read Story

9 February 2011 | Swan Telecom and Unitech Telecom companies had together caused a loss of over Rs7,000 crore to government exchequer as both had offloaded their shares for hefty sums after getting the 2G spectrum, alleges CBI. Read Story

• Central Bureau of Investigation arrested the vice chairman of a joint venture between a local firm and Abu Dhabi’s Etisalat in connection to a massive telecoms scandal that has crippled the government. Read Story

8 February 2011 | Former telecom minister A. Raja was on Tuesday remanded to two more days of CBI custody by a court for further interrogation after the agency submitted that he was not divulging any “useful information" regarding his role in the 2G scam. Read Story

4 February 2011 | A one-man panel inquiry into a massive telecom scandal in awarding 2G licences has found many procedural lapses, telecom minister Kapil Sibal said on Friday. Read Story

• Former telecom minister A. Raja will be in the custody of the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) for five days after a special court on Thursday said the agency could keep him for sustained interrogation due to his alleged role in the second-generation (2G) scam. Read Story

3 February 2011 | The CBI on Thursday accused former telecom minister A Raja of causing a loss of Rs22,000 crore to the exchequer by favouring some telecom firms in award of the 2G spectrum licences and demanded his custody for five days, which a city court granted. Read Story

2 February 2011 | As news of Raja’s arrest came in, the DMK and AIADMK seemed fully prepared for it, with no disturbances to the city. Some stone throwing and disruption of bus services were reported in Perambalur, Raja’s hometown. Read Story

• The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) arrested former telecom minister A. Raja for his alleged involvement in the so-called 2G scam, but the move is unlikely to win the beleaguered United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government a respite from the attacks it has been facing from the opposition. Read Story

21 January 2011 | The Supreme Court (SC) on Friday asked telecom minister Kapil Sibal to deal with issues related to the controversial allocation of telecom spectrum with “some sense of responsibility", in reaction to his criticism of the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) report on the subject. Read Story

Edit |Another nail in 2G coffin

29 December 2010 | Legal battles involving corporate czars like the Ambanis and Tatas figured prominently in the Supreme Court in 2010, but it was the Niira Radia controversy that threw the light on the corporate prowess in certain quarters of the government, already under fire over a telecom scam. Read Story

28 December 2010 | India’s two largest political parties, the ruling Congress and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), on Tuesday continued to wrangle in public over how to investigate alleged irregularities in the allocation of second-generation (2G) telecom spectrum and licences. Read Story

27 December 2010 | Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on Monday wrote to the public accounts committee (PAC) probing alleged irregularities in the allocation of second generation (2G) telecom spectrum, saying he was willing to appear before it. Read Story

24 December 2010 | Sleuths from the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) on Friday questioned the former telecom minister over 2G spectrum allocation scandal, a move the government hopes will help ease a crippling political row with the Opposition. Read Story

22 December 2010 | The controversy over the allocation of second-generation (2G) spectrum to telecom companies and the increased scrutiny on loans given by state-run banks for the licences tied to this has dented the confidence of lenders. Read Story

21 December 2010 | Prime Minister Manmohan Singh resorted to a Roman analogy to defend himself from allegations of inaction relating to the ongoing second-generation (2G) controversy but signalled, in a speech to his partymen at Burari in north-west Delhi, that his government, while pursuing punitive action against those found guilty of graft, would not give in to the opposition’s demand for an investigation by a joint parliamentary committee into irregularities in the 2008 allocation of spectrum and licences to telcos. Read Story

20 December 2010 | Quick Edit | A Roman in Delhi

15 December 2010 | In a crackdown here and in several places in Tamil Nadu in connection with the 2G spectrum scam, the CBI on Wednesday searched the office and residential premises of corporate lobbyist Nira Radia, former Trai chairman Pradip Baijal and a Chennai NGO with which DMK MP Kanimozhi is linked. Read Story

13 December 2010 | Parliament ended its paralyzed winter session Monday after four weeks that were largely devoid of work but filled with raucous Opposition’s demands for a joint parliamentary committee (JPC) probe into the 2G spectrum allocation scandal that cost the country billions. Read Story

12 December 2010 | Edit | Telecom’s golden goose

10 December 2010 | The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) knew of Niira Radia’s involvement in an alleged conspiracy as early as 16 November 2009 and was investigating the irregularities, the income-tax (I-T) department told the Supreme Court on Friday. Read Story

6 December 2010 | Controversial CVC P J Thomas appears to have got a breather with the Supreme Court on Monday issuing notice to him on a plea seeking his removal from the key post which will now be heard on 27 January. Read Story

2 December 2010 | Government on Thursday placed before the Supreme Court in sealed cover recorded tapes containing the conversations between corporate lobbyist Niira Radia and others relating to the 2G spectrum allocation case. Read Story

30 November 2010 | The government is looking at how the Niira Radia tapes became public, after Ratan Tata, chairman of the Tata group that is represented by Radia, approached the Supreme Court to protect his privacy. Read Story

29 November 2010 | Tata group chief Ratan Tata on Monday approached the Supreme Court seeking action against those involved in the leakage of tapes containing his conversation with corporate lobbyist Nira Radia. Read Story

23 November 2010 | • Terming Janata Party president Subramanian Swamy’s plea for prosecuting A Raja in the 2G spectrum case as “misconceived and premature", government on Tuesday told the Supreme Court that the sanction had been sought even before a complaint was filed in a court. Read Story

• Prime Minister Manmohan Singh faced questions in the Supreme Court on Tuesday over his handling of an alleged multi-billion dollar telecom scam as Parliament remained paralyzed over demands by the Opposition for a full probe. Read Story

22 November 2010 | • With the entire opposition, some allies in the ruling coalition and second-rung leaders of the ruling Congress party rallying around for a joint parliamentary committee (JPC) to investigate the alleged corruption in the allotment of spectrum for second generation (2G) telecom services, the onus seems to be on Prime Minister Manmohan Singh to break the deadlock. Read Story

• Janata Party chief Subramanian Swamy has accused the law ministry and government law officials of wrongly advising Prime Minister Manmohan Singh to wait for evidence before deciding on sanction to prosecute former telecom minister A Raja in the 2G spectrum case. Read Story

• With the logjam continuing in Parliament over the opposition demand for a JPC probe into the 2G spectrum controversy, Government has convened an all-party meeting this afternoon to end the deadlock. Read Story

21 November 2010 | • A political logjam that has stalled proceedings in Parliament since the winter session started on 9 November is expected to persist, with the government rejecting Opposition demands for a parliamentary probe of alleged corruption in the allocation of second generation (2G) mobile phone spectrum licences in 2008. Read Story

Edit |Defending the indefensible

20 November 2010 | • Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s office responded Saturday to the Supreme Court’s hard line of questioning earlier this week by filing an 11-page affidavit in the 2G spectrum case. Read Story

• Union textiles minister Dayanidhi Maran on Saturday denied any wrongdoing in 2G spectrum allocation and its pricing during his tenure as telecom minister and alleged selective leaks of communication between him and Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on the issue. Read Story

• Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has said any wrongdoers in a widening 2G scam, which is threatening his political survival, will be prosecuted. Read Story

• With the Opposition targeting Prime Minister Manmohan Singh for his alleged inaction over corruption accusations, the ruling Congress party and the government may take an aggressive tack to counter the allegations, as party leaders came out strongly in his defence. Read Story

19 November 2010 | • The department of telecommunications (DoT) will not cancel any of the telecom licences and spectrum given to operators in January 2008, for now, but is looking at ensuring that losses made due to alleged faulty procedures prior to 2008 be rectified as much as possible. Read Story

• Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has turned to Attorney General GE Vahanvati to represent him at the apex court over why he failed to probe the 2G telecom scandal. Read Story

18 November 2010 | • What is the 2G scam? Who is involved? What are the issues? Mint attempts a 360-degree view of the controversy that is rocking a nation. (Graphics)

• The Supreme Court has asked the Centre to file by Saturday an affidavit on Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s “alleged inaction" on a plea seeking sanction to prosecute ex-telecom minister A Raja in the 2G spectrum scam case, calling the matter “extremly serious." Read story

• India’s fiercely competitive mobile phone industry has been beset by a fresh wave of regulatory uncertainty stemming from a possible probe into 2G spectrum that a government audit says was awarded too cheaply. Read Story

17 November 2010 | • The Supreme Court’s criticism of Prime Minister Manmohan Singh for his inaction over a request for sanction to prosecute former telecom minister A Raja has helped rally opposition parties and could be the spark for a political campaign against the Congress party-led government. Read Story

16 November 2010 | • Parliament stalemate over the Opposition demand for a JPC probe into corruption charges continues for fourth day. Read Story

• Striking a defiant note despite his indictment by the CAG over the 2G spectrum allocation, former telecom minister A Raja said he has not done anything wrong and was ready for a probe. Read Story

• The logjam over opposition demand for JPC probe into the 2G spectrum scam stalled proceedings in both Houses of Parliament for the fourth day on Tuesday even as government made efforts to break the impasse. Read Story

15 November 2010 | • HRD minister Kapil Sibal was given the additional charge of the telecom ministry by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in a development that takes the portfolio away from DMK at least for the time being. Read Story

• Ruling out a statement by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in Parliament on the resignation of telecom minister A Raja, the government said BJP’s demand for a JPC probe into 2G spectrum issue was ‘unacceptable’ and slammed the Opposition party for not allowing the Houses to function. Read Story

Edit:An enforced exit in New Delhi

14 November 2010 | • Yielding to relentless opposition pressure, Union telecom minister A Raja resigned 0in the wake of the 2G Spectrum allocation scam. Read Story

• The ruling Congress party appears determined that telecom minister A Raja, accused of corruption in the allotment of second-generation (2G) mobile spectrum, be made to quit, although it’s reluctant to damage ties with alliance partner Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK). Read Story

12 November 2010 | • Prime Minister Manmohan Singh put the DMK on notice by not ruling out an alliance with the rival AIADMK. Read Story

• Undeterred by the mounting opposition attack on his role in 2G spectrum allocation, telecom minister A Raja on Friday ruled out resignation over the issue, saying he will prove that everything has been done according to the law. Read Story

11 November 2010 | • Parliament was rocked for the second day on Thursday with the Opposition demanding ouster of telecom minister A Raja and the Congress hitting back at the Sangh Parivar over anti-Sonia Gandhi remarks by former RSS chief K S Sudarshan. Read Story

10 November 2010 | • Sources in the know say that the CAG has accused the telecom ministry for undervaluing 2G spectrum, sold to new players in 2008, and held that the allotment price was not realistic, which has caused a revenue loss of up to Rs1.76 trillion to the government. Read Story

03 November 2010 | • The telecom ministry has said that policy decisions cannot be ‘assailed’ as arbitrary while debunking government auditor CAG’s reported assertion that 2G spectrum was allocated in an arbitrary manner causing a loss of Rs1.76 trillion to the exchequer. Read Story

Edit :The cost of going easy on Raja

29 October 2010 | • The Supreme Court slammed Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) for its ‘slipshod’ investigations into the 2G spectrum allocation scam, in which the alleged role of telecom minister A Raja has come under the scanner, saying ‘the same minister is still continuing today’. Read Story

17 October 2010 | • The public audit body Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) has indicted the department of telecommunications (DoT), headed by communications minister A Raja, for multiple violations of policy in handing out second generation (2G) mobile phone licences in January 2008, according to fresh details that have emerged of its findings. Read Story

09 October 2010 | • There was fresh trouble for telecom minister A Raja after the findings of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India submitted before the Supreme Court doubled the initial estimated losses to the exchequer in the 2G spectrum case to Rs.1.39 trillion. Read Story

08 October 2010 | • The Supreme Court has asked the government to respond to the CAG report pointing out large-scale irregularities and favoritism allegedly by telecom minister A Raja in the Rs70,000 crore 2G spectrum allocation scam in 2008. Read Story

9 August 2010 | • Telecom minister A Raja has dismissed allegations of corruption in allotment of 2G spectrum in 2008 saying the government followed the policies of previous NDA regime and the recommendations of Telecom Regulatory Authority of India. Read Story

Edit |Spectrum on the cheap

07 June 2010 | • The finance ministry is backing a recommendation to force telecom firms to pay more for the additional 2G spectrum they have, which would put it at odds with mobile service providers such as Bharti Airtel Ltd and Vodafone Essar Ltd. Read Story

01 June 2010 | • Telecommunications and information technology minister A Raja could lose his portfolio in a cabinet reshuffle that Prime Minister Manmohan Singh is expected to undertake in the run-up to Parliament’s monsoon session that begins in July. Read Story

27 May 2010 | • The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (Trai) has recommended that 2G spectrum on which mobile phones work at present should not be auctioned just as yet. Read Story

24 May 2010 | • Mobile phone operators Bharti Airtel, Vodafone Essar, Idea have appealed to a telecom tribunal over the sector regulator’s proposals to slap new fees on second-generation spectrum. Read Story

12 May 2010 | • The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India’s (Trai) plan to impose new fees for second-generation mobile spectrum in India sent shares skidding in carriers including Bharti Airtel, which called the proposal ‘shocking, arbitrary and retrograde.’ Read Story

03 May 2010 | • The auction price of high-speed third-generation (3G) airwaves for mobile telephony on Monday crossed the Rs1,651 crore mark in Mumbai and New Delhi — the price at which new operators were given licences nationally in January 2008, prompting estimates by some experts of a steep underpricing and loss to the government in the allocation of 2G spectrum some years ago. Read Story

28 April 2010 | • Fresh allegations of corruption relating to the issue of telecom licences were levelled by the Opposition against the Congress-led United Progressive Alliance government in Parliament. Read Story

• The 2G telephony spectrum allocation issue created uproar in Parliament in the wake of reports that a high profile public relation lobbyist acted as a power broker and was in regular touch with telecom minister A Raja. Read Story

20 January 2010 | • The department of telecommunications (DoT) may renege on its promise to allow winning bidders of high-frequency airwaves for mobile telephony to jump a two-year-old queue and get access to low-frequency airwaves ahead of 343 waiting applications. Read Story

23 November 2009 | • The department of telecommunications is considering increasing the spectrum usage charge paid by telecom operators by 1 percentage point, according to two DoT officials. Read Story

19 November 2009 | • DoT, in its information memorandum, has said that the auction will be held starting on 14 January and that the government expects to raise a total of Rs35,000 crore from the sale. Read Story

23 October 2009 | • Finance minister Pranab Mukherjee declined to comment on the CBI raids on the office of Department of Telecom (DoT) in connection with alleged irregularities in allocation of 2G spectrum to new players. Read Story

22 October 2009 | • The CBI searched offices of the Department of Telecom on Thursday in connection with alleged irregularities in allocation of 2G spectrum to some of the new players. Read Story

26 October 2009 | • Describing the 2G spectrum allocation controversy as the biggest scam in independent India, the BJP criticized PM for defending telecom minister A. Raja. Read Story

06 October 2009 | • Auctions of third-generation (3G) telecom licences, which will allow phone companies to offer high-speed Internet and video downloads on handsets, may include a bonus for operators of existing second-generation (2G) services that submit winning bids. Read Story

17 August 2009 | • In what may be a blow to mobile phone operators, the finance ministry has asked the department of telecommunications (DoT) to ensure that no allocation of spectrum is made till a panel’s report on second generation (2G) spectrum is finalized. Read Story

06 August 2009 | • The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (Trai) has asked the government to “keep in abeyance" the grant of new second generation (2G) licences till the watchdog finalizes its recommendations, it said in a letter posted on its website. Read Story

Pradip Baijal’s Essay | • The last few years have shown that communications is the best investment for a country and we should not shift resources from the telecom sector for funding unviable sectors of the Indian economy. Click here to read full article

02 July 2009 | • India should auction 2G spectrum and allow this to be traded rather than give holders of telecoms licences entitlement to the radio waves as is the current practice, the government said. Read Story

16 June 2009 | • The promise of raising up to Rs40,000 crore in revenue from the auction of spectrum for third generation, or 3G, mobile services has prompted the department of telecommunications, or DoT, to put policy changes regarding second generation, or 2G, services on the backburner. Read Story

31 May 2009 | • In its reply to a petition submitted before the Delhi high court, the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (Trai) has defended the government’s move to allot spectrum with licence to new entrants on a first-come, first-served basis, saying that this would ensure a level playing field. Read Story

28 November 2008 | • In the midst of a controversy over allotment of spectrum to new players, telecom regulator Trai today said that market forces should have determined the price of a licence, which includes start-up spectrum. Read Story

12 November 2008 | • The ministerial panel was created by the DoT to look at a fair model of charging firms offering 3G services and ways to segregate revenue from 2G and 3G services. Read Story

04 November 2008 | • Is the telecom ministry opposing 2G spectrum auction because that would require transparency? Read Story

03 November 2008 | • A parliamentary panel has called a meeting on 14 November to discuss spectrum allocation for 2G mobile services and the launch of 3G services in the country. Read Story

Edit | A sad tale of half-truths

13 October 2008 | • GSM operators’ group COAI strongly supported DoT proposal to have separate revenues for 2G and 3G services, adding that this model will also speed up 3G roll-out in the country. Read Story

Views | Auctions ahoy

25 October 2007 | • The government has ruled out the possibility of auctioning 2G — or so-called second generation — spectrum for mobile services, even as it looks at the process of implementation of mobile number portability across the country. Read Story

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