UP elections: Why the rhetoric of caste vs development rings hollow
Political parties in UP seek vote along caste lines but field candidates on the basis of economic affluence
Addressing a Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) election rally in Lucknow on 2 January, Prime Minister Narendra Modi appealed to the people of Uttar Pradesh (UP) to vote for development. “It has not been vanvas (exile) of BJP but vanvas of development in UP", he said. Modi was taking a dig at the other main contenders in state, the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) and Samajwadi Party (SP), both of which are seen as caste-based outfits, and which have between them ruled the state since 2002. So, what will work in UP this time: caste or development?